Dr.
⿑藤 修

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ポリシーレポート

本レポートは、2021年6月に発表された生物多様性及び生態系サービスに関する政府間科学-政策プラットフォーム(IPBES)/気候変動に関する政府間パネル(IPCC)合同ワークショップ報告書「IPBES-IPCC Co-Sponsored Workshop Report on Biodiversity and Climate Change」の和訳を中心に、IGES研究員による解説や関連情報、IPBES及びIPCC関係者による鼎談等を収録したものです。ここには、生物多様性と気候変動への統合的な取り組みの重要性と論点、ならびに今後のIPBESやIPCCなどへの示唆がわかりやすく解説されています。

査読付論文
Global Ecology and Conservation 所収
著者:
Sahle
Mesfin
Reynolds
Travis

Despite expanding interest in nature's contributions to people (NCP) studies, understanding of sacred natural sites’ contributions to human society and the restoration of fragmented landscapes remains relatively limited. This study examines the diversity and extent of NCP by church forests in a fragmented tropical landscape in southern Ethiopia. We...

査読付論文
Ecosystem Services所収
著者:
Huang
Wanhui
Hashimoto
Shizuka
Yoshida
Takehito
Taki
Kentaro

The increased frequency of extreme rain events due to climate change has garnered attention in Japan. In 2018, the country enacted the Act of Climate Change Adaptation to formulate plans at national and local levels. The government has suggested the use of nature-based solutions (NBSs) across the country to address the increased risk of natural...

査読付論文
Sustainability所収
著者:
Dhyani
Shalini
Kadaverugu
Rakesh
Hashimoto
Shizuka
Sahu
Netrananda
Avtar
Ram
Chakraborty
Shamik
Mishra
Binaya Kumar

Widespread urban expansion around the world, combined with rapid demographic and
climatic changes, has resulted in serious pollution issues in many coastal water bodies. To help
formulate coastal management strategies to mitigate the impacts of these extreme changes (e.g.,
local land-use or climate change adaptation policies), research...

査読付論文
Urban Sustainability所収
著者:
Jarzebski
Marcin
Elmqvist
Thomas
Gasparatos
Alexandros
Fukushi
Kensuke
Eckersten
Sofia
Haase
Dagmar
Goodness9
Julie
Khoshkar
Sara
Theorell
Töres
Dong
Nannan
Kasuga
Fumiko
Watanabe
Ryugo
Sioen
Giles
Yokohari
Makoto
Pu
Jian

Population ageing and shrinking are demographic phenomena with far-reaching implications for sustainability in the current context of extensive and rapid urbanization. This Perspective rationalizes their interface by (a) identifying the challenges and opportunities that ageing and shrinking urban populations will have for implementing the...

査読付論文
Sustainability Science所収

Global environmental change, the depletion of natural resources, and unacceptable levels of pollution, among other anthropogenic impacts on the planet and its ecosystems, demand a radical shift in the way humankind develops. Global agreements like the “2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development” or the “Paris Agreement on Climate Change” seek to...

査読付論文
Sustainability所収
著者:
Sahle
Mesfin

“Jefoure” refers to a traditional grass-covered road with households settled on both sides in the Gurage socio-ecological production landscape in Ethiopia. We assess Nature’s Contributions to People (NCP) on Jefoure roads for sustainable management. Data were collected using survey tools and orthophoto images, and they were systematically analyzed...

ポリシーブリーフ
著者:
Ogawa
Mifuyu
Yoshida
Takehito
Mogaki
Masahiro
Oda
Yuki
Oyama
Kosuke
Kohsaka
Ryo
Uchiyama
Yuta
Kameyama
Yasuko
Fujita
Tomohiro
Kabaya
Kei
Nishi
Koji

A Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework is currently under consideration and will be adopted at the next meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the CBD (CBD COP 15). In Japan, discussions are underway to revise the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP). Local governments are expected to develop new, or revise existing, Local...

査読付論文
Sustainability Science所収

Urbanization and concomitant challenges pose a great threat to sustainable development. Urban and rural development
interacts through the flows of people, materials, energy, goods, capital, and information. Without building sound urban–rural linkages, achieving development in one area could compromise it in another area. Achieving sustainable...

ポリシーブリーフ
著者:
Ogawa
Mifuyu
Yoshida
Takehito
Mogaki
Masahiro
Oda
Yuki
Oyama
Kosuke
Kohsaka
Ryo
Uchiyama
Yuta
Kameyama
Yasuko
Fujita
Tomohiro
Kabaya
Kei
Nishi
Koji

ポスト2020 年生物多様性世界枠組の検討が現在進められていて、次回のCBD 第15 回締約国会議(CBD-COP15)で採択される予定である。日本では、これを受けた生物多様性国家戦略の改定に向けて議論が進められている。今後、新たな生物多様性国家戦略の下、自治体による生物多様性地域戦略(以下、地域戦略と記載)の改定又は新規策定が進むことが期待されている。PANCES*の研究チームは2017 年に、当時既に地域戦略を策定していた70 基礎自治体を対象に地域戦略の策定と実施に関するアンケート調査を実施した。また、全都道府県を対象とする同様のアンケート調査や、PANCES のモデルサイト(北海道、石川県、新潟県、沖縄県)における事例研究も実施した。この他、地域戦略の策定...

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