Dr.
Osamu SAITO

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Policy Report

本レポートは、2021年6月に発表された生物多様性及び生態系サービスに関する政府間科学-政策プラットフォーム(IPBES)/気候変動に関する政府間パネル(IPCC)合同ワークショップ報告書「IPBES-IPCC Co-Sponsored Workshop Report on Biodiversity and Climate Change」の和訳を中心に、IGES研究員による解説や関連情報、IPBES及びIPCC関係者による鼎談等を収録したものです。ここには、生物多様性と気候変動への統合的な取り組みの重要性と論点、ならびに今後のIPBESやIPCCなどへの示唆がわかりやすく解説されています。

Peer-reviewed Article
In Global Ecology and Conservation
Author:
Mesfin
Sahle
Travis
Reynolds

Despite expanding interest in nature's contributions to people (NCP) studies, understanding of sacred natural sites’ contributions to human society and the restoration of fragmented landscapes remains relatively limited. This study examines the diversity and extent of NCP by church forests in a fragmented tropical landscape in southern Ethiopia. We...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Ecosystem Services
Author:
Wanhui
Huang
Shizuka
Hashimoto
Takehito
Yoshida
Kentaro
Taki

The increased frequency of extreme rain events due to climate change has garnered attention in Japan. In 2018, the country enacted the Act of Climate Change Adaptation to formulate plans at national and local levels. The government has suggested the use of nature-based solutions (NBSs) across the country to address the increased risk of natural...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Sustainability
Author:
Shalini
Dhyani
Rakesh
Kadaverugu
Shizuka
Hashimoto
Netrananda
Sahu
Ram
Avtar
Shamik
Chakraborty
Binaya Kumar
Mishra

Widespread urban expansion around the world, combined with rapid demographic and
climatic changes, has resulted in serious pollution issues in many coastal water bodies. To help
formulate coastal management strategies to mitigate the impacts of these extreme changes (e.g.,
local land-use or climate change adaptation policies), research...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Urban Sustainability
Author:
Marcin
Jarzebski
Thomas
Elmqvist
Alexandros
Gasparatos
Kensuke
Fukushi
Sofia
Eckersten
Dagmar
Haase
Julie
Goodness9
Sara
Khoshkar
Töres
Theorell
Nannan
Dong
Fumiko
Kasuga
Ryugo
Watanabe
Giles
Sioen
Makoto
Yokohari
Jian
Pu

Population ageing and shrinking are demographic phenomena with far-reaching implications for sustainability in the current context of extensive and rapid urbanization. This Perspective rationalizes their interface by (a) identifying the challenges and opportunities that ageing and shrinking urban populations will have for implementing the...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Sustainability Science

Global environmental change, the depletion of natural resources, and unacceptable levels of pollution, among other anthropogenic impacts on the planet and its ecosystems, demand a radical shift in the way humankind develops. Global agreements like the “2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development” or the “Paris Agreement on Climate Change” seek to...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Sustainability
Author:
Mesfin
Sahle

“Jefoure” refers to a traditional grass-covered road with households settled on both sides in the Gurage socio-ecological production landscape in Ethiopia. We assess Nature’s Contributions to People (NCP) on Jefoure roads for sustainable management. Data were collected using survey tools and orthophoto images, and they were systematically analyzed...

Policy Brief
Author:
Mifuyu
Ogawa
Takehito
Yoshida
Masahiro
Mogaki
Yuki
Oda
Kosuke
Oyama
Ryo
Kohsaka
Yuta
Uchiyama
Yasuko
Kameyama
Tomohiro
Fujita
Kei
Kabaya
Koji
Nishi

A Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework is currently under consideration and will be adopted at the next meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the CBD (CBD COP 15). In Japan, discussions are underway to revise the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP). Local governments are expected to develop new, or revise existing, Local...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Sustainability Science

Urbanization and concomitant challenges pose a great threat to sustainable development. Urban and rural development
interacts through the flows of people, materials, energy, goods, capital, and information. Without building sound urban–rural linkages, achieving development in one area could compromise it in another area. Achieving sustainable...

Policy Brief
Author:
Mifuyu
Ogawa
Takehito
Yoshida
Masahiro
Mogaki
Yuki
Oda
Kosuke
Oyama
Ryo
Kohsaka
Yuta
Uchiyama
Yasuko
Kameyama
Tomohiro
Fujita
Kei
Kabaya
Koji
Nishi

ポスト2020 年生物多様性世界枠組の検討が現在進められていて、次回のCBD 第15 回締約国会議(CBD-COP15)で採択される予定である。日本では、これを受けた生物多様性国家戦略の改定に向けて議論が進められている。今後、新たな生物多様性国家戦略の下、自治体による生物多様性地域戦略(以下、地域戦略と記載)の改定又は新規策定が進むことが期待されている。PANCES*の研究チームは2017 年に、当時既に地域戦略を策定していた70 基礎自治体を対象に地域戦略の策定と実施に関するアンケート調査を実施した。また、全都道府県を対象とする同様のアンケート調査や、PANCES のモデルサイト(北海道、石川県、新潟県、沖縄県)における事例研究も実施した。この他、地域戦略の策定...

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