Just and Sustainable Transitions for a Net-Zero Asia: Emerging Issues and Solutions

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Climate-driven injustice is a significant economic and social concern associated with transition towards net-zero future, and that requires global and domestic environmental policies to be more sustainable and socially just. To help policymakers envision what policies might be deployed to make a net-zero transition just, this paper reviews concepts of environmental and climate justice, while also recognising that technological transitions have been unable to sufficiently address climate-related challenges. The paper then explores the applicability of the just transition concept in Asia, noting that structural conditions and societal challenges vary across countries in the region. In the final section, the paper examines a diverse range of solutions centred on principles of inclusive, just and resilient societies in Asia, discussing opportunities for potential implementation through local and collective collaboration.