The Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) and CBD COP15

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In 2020, IGES and others reported that the United Nations’ Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and its accompanying Aichi Biodiversity Targets would be replaced by a new framework to guide biodiversity planning at the national level. This framework, known as the post-2020 global biodiversity framework (GBF), was due to be proposed for adoption at the fifteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in Kunming, China, in October of that year. After repeated delays related to COVID-19, the first part of COP15 was convened in Kunming from 11-15 October 2021, mostly online. The second part was eventually scheduled for 7-19 December 2022, and moved to Montreal, Canada, which is the host city of the Secretariat of the CBD.