Pedestrianisation Programs and Its Impacts on the Willingness to Increase Walking Distance in Indonesian Cities. The case of Bandung City and Bogor City, Indonesia

The 23rd International Conference of Hongkong Society for Transportation Studies所収
Volume (Issue): 8-10 December 2018

Recently, several cities in Indonesia have begun implementing pedestrianisation program that hold promise to encourage non-motorized transport (NMT) in rapidly motorizing cities and provide citizens with safer, cleaner, and more visually appealing walking environments. However, successful implementation of these programs depends on whether they meet the needs of urban residents. This article assesses how Bandung and Bogor. Indonesia are meeting those needs with pedestrianization programs known as “Panca Trotoar” in Bandung and “Walkable Bogor” in Bogor. The article employs two methods to analyze the programs’ impact. First, it draws upon responses to face-to-face interviews and analytical hierarchy process (AHP) to rank possible barriers to walking in Bandung. The results of the AHP reveal that safety and security Sustainable Development Goals (SDG 16.1.4) as the highest rank among six potentially influential factors (the other factors were feasibility, accessibility (time spent walking), comfort and pleasure). This result contrasts studies in other cities that suggest feasibility and accessibility rank highest in decisions to walk. The article then employs an ordered logit model to quantitatively assess how improvements to the pedestrian environments influence the willingness to walk longer distances in Bandung and Bogor. The result shows the increasing of willingness to walk among walkers are more than double the amount of the non-walker group or about 424 meter per day in Bandung city while the increasing distance to walk is slightly lower or around 10.9% in Bogor. The logit model shows that older people were willing to walk further, while respondents who walk shorter distances were unlikely to change that behaviour. The model also highlights notable variables which may play a significant role in a certain place and group of respondents and also interaction between some variables, for instance, illustrating that female vehicle owners were less inclined to walk further even with improvements to the pedestrian environment in some places. The analysis could prove helpful to other rapidly motorizing cities considering similar NMT programs in Indonesia and other cities in Asia