This submission highlights the key findings of the discussion at the Japan-India Climate Policy Research Workshop, held in July 2018 in India. The key messages include:
1.Enhancing multiple co-benefits aids further acceleration of the efforts in reducing the GHGs and other climate relevant emissions to achieve the long-term goal of the Paris Agreement.
2.In India and Japan, there are many good examples that already show the existence of multiple benefits. Key examples highlighted are;
−Mainstreaming energy transition towards low/de-carbon backed by a government initiative in India brings co-benefits to the transportation sector, urban air quality, and overcoming challenges to industrial energy efficiency.
−Tackling air-pollution through combined control of air-pollutant and GHGs emissions and the reduction of SLCPs by promoting the alternatives leads to significant benefits to human and environmental health and agricultural production.
−Community-based renewable power generation in Japan takes the lead in accelerating the transition to renewables, generates markets for products, creating jobs and promoting mutual learning.
3.To further maximise these co-benefits, it is vital to improve coordination, communication and information-sharing among stakeholders at every levels, through the utilisation of existing knowledge platforms and networking, and also strengthen policy signals and set quantified targets by providing a clear policy direction to non-party stakeholders.