Reduction of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) from municipal solid waste management (MSWM) in the Philippines: Rapid review and assessment

Waste Management所収
Volume (Issue): Volume 80
SLCP Mitigation

Municipal solid waste management (MSWM) is considered one of the serious environmental issues in the Philippines, with corresponding linkages to the climate change and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). However, methane (CH4) linked with indiscriminate dumping of municipal solid waste has received the much attention with regard to public health and climate change. The impacts of black carbon (BC) are less documented and understood. This paper aims to review the status of MSWM in the Philippines and makes efforts to assess the scale of short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs), including both CH4, and BC, associated with the country’s waste sector. Utilising available national level data and following a life-cycle assessment (LCA) approach, the paper offers preliminary projections of SLCP emissions resulting from present MSWM practices. In addition, it examines model mitigation scenarios based on priority actions identified within the country’s national policy on waste management, Republic Act 2003 (RA 9003). Data analysis was conducted using an Emission Quantification Tool (EQT) developed by the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) through its work under the Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) – Municipal Solid Waste Initiative (MSWI). Following a summary of key findings, the paper affirms that control of methane from disposal practices and of BC from waste collection and open burning requires urgent attention in the Philippines. Continued awareness raising, institutionalising regulatory policies on SLCPs, and further enhancing data collection and capacity building on waste-related BC emissions remain key priorities for the country.