The focus of the Urban Environmental Management Project of the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies in 2005-2007 was on the opportunities and barriers for integration of global environmental concerns into local planning and management, taking greenhouse gas emission reduction as a distant but ultimate goal. Accordingly, the project builds its rationale on the common understanding that human activities in cities have profound environmental impacts far beyond city boundaries. Looking at the reality of developing country cities in Asia, it is obvious that global concerns are not a top priority for urban environmental managers. Environmental concerns in these cities often mean more immediate and pressing local issues such as poor sanitation and health problems, air and water pollution, and improper solid waste management.
Thus, the third phase research of the project (Apr. 2004 - Mar. 2007) aimed to explore the ways of bringing global environmental concerns into local environmental management in developing country cities in Asia. Air pollution control in the transportation sector, the title of this report, was one of the strategic targets set under this overall objective.This report is a compilation of studies conducted under this strategic target.
This report first introduces the background and objectives of the third phase research of the project on the transportation sector. The second chapter provides an overview of transport and environment in Asian Cities. The third chapter illustrates the rationale of the scoping of focus policy areas and selection of case studies. The fourth chapter consists of six case studies and one comparative analysis on policies related to transport and environment in Asian cities. The last chapter summarises the findings of the studies and discusses the barriers and opportunities of the air pollution control in the transportation sector, concluding with the perspectives for future research.