Operationalising MRV of Support - Analysis of Finance, Technology and Capacity Building Support

Operationalising MRV of Support - Analysis of Finance, Technology and Capacity Building Support

In the negotiations for the future climate change regime, the establishment of a measurement, reporting, and verification (MRV) structure aiming to secure transparency of the Parties’ reduction goals and reduction activities for greenhouse gas emissions is positioned as one of the major negotiation agendas. There is a common recognition that MRV should be applied not only to mitigation by the Parties, but also to support provided to developing country Parties. MRV of support is also described in the Cancun Agreement.

Development in negotiations for the establishment of a MRV structure has been seen mainly in the area of mitigation and modalities for MRV of support have not been established as of yet. However, in pursuing steady implementation of the Cancun Agreement by the Parties, it is expected that detailed designs for MRV of support will be considered. Therefore, this paper focuses on MRV of support and looks at the elements of funding support, capacity building, and technology development/ transfer, which compose support for developing countries, gives a broad overview of the development of the negotiations while sorting out similar structures from the viewpoint of MRV, and analyzes how the modalities should be.

Chapter 1 reviews MRV for the element of funding support. In this chapter, we look at the process of funds provision from developed countries to developing countries and indicate that it can be assumed that there will be different configurations and options for MRV depending on the target range where transparency should be secured, identify the merits and demerits of each option, and review the reporting entities and available existing tools.

Chapter 2 organizes the conceptual framework and configuration of efforts for the element of capacity building and describes the cross-sectoral characteristic of capacity building. Then, we review how the modalities of MRV should be based on past activities and discussions in negotiation for monitoring and evaluation for capacity building.

Chapter 3 gives an overview of the development of negotiations and technology cycles for the element of technology development/ transfer, while discussing, in particular, performance evaluation indices to measure the effective implementation of the technology transfer framework, and reviews how the modalities for MRV should be, as is done for the elements of funding and capacity building.