With a population of 250 million, Indonesia is the fourth most populous country and second-largest plastic polluter in the world after China. The country produces 3.2 million tonnes of un-managed plastic waste a year, of which about 1.29 million tonnes ends up in the marine environment. In addition, approximately 10 billion plastic carry bags, equal to 85,000 tonnes, are released into its environment each year. Given this background, the government of Indonesia recently adopted Presidential Decree No.97/2017 on National Policy & Strategy on Management of Household Waste and Household-like Waste (JAKSTRANAS), and Presidential Decree No.83/2018 on Marine Debris Management (Plan of Action on Marine Plastic Debris 2017–2025) to address the issue.
Aiming to create an enabling environment for the implementation of these Presidential Decrees, the National Plastic Waste Reduction Strategic Actions for Indonesia was formulated by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF), the Government of Indonesia, and the IGES Centre Collaborating with UNEP on Environmental Technologies (CCET), in collaboration with Sustainable Waste Indonesia (SWI) and the United Nations Environment Programme - International Environmental Technology Centre (UNEP-IETC) under the financial assistance of the Ministry of Environment, Japan (MOEJ). It provides holistic and practical actions to accelerate the reduction of plastic pollution from land-based sources.