Assessment of the growth in social groups for sustainable agriculture and land management

Global Sustainability所収
Volume (Issue): 3, e23

For agriculture and land management to improve natural capital over whole landscapes, social cooperation has long been required. The political economy of the later twentieth and early twenty-first centuries prioritized unfettered individual action over the collective, and many rural institutions were harmed or destroyed. Since then, a wide range of social movements, networks and federations have emerged to support transitions towards sustainability and equity. Here, we focus on social capital manifested as intentionally formed collaborative groups within specific geographic territories. These groups focus on: (1) integrated pest management; (2) forests; (3) land; (4) water; (5) pastures; (6) support services; (7) innovation platforms; and (8) small-scale systems. We show across 122 initiatives in 55 countries that the number of groups has grown from 0.50 million (in 2000) to 8.54 million (in 2020). The area of land transformed by the 170–255 million group members is 300 Mha, mostly in less-developed countries (98% groups; 94% area). Farmers and land managers working with scientists and extensionists in these groups have improved both environmental outcomes and agricultural productivity. In some cases, changes to national or regional policy supported this growth in groups. Together with other movements, these social groups could now support further transitions towards policies and behaviours for global sustainability.

著者:
Pretty
Jules
Attwood
Simon
Bawden
Richard
van den Berg
Henk
P. Bharucha
Zareen
Dixon
John
Butler Flora
Cornelia
Gallagher
Kevin
Genskow
Ken
E. Hartley
Sue
Willem Ketelaar
Jan
K. Kiara
Japhet
Kumar
Viyay
Lu
Yuelai
MacMillan
Tom
Maréchal
Anne
Linda Morales-Abubakar
Alma
Noble
Andrew
Prasad
P. V. Vara
Rametsteiner
Ewald
Reganold
John
I. Ricks
Jacob
Rockström
Johan
Thorne
Peter
Wang
Songliang
Wittman
Hannah
Winter
Michael
Yang
Puyun
日付:
トピック: