Development of Inherent Vulnerability Index within Jammu Municipal Limits, India

Climate所収
査読付論文
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Evaluating inherent vulnerability, an intrinsic characteristic becomes imperative for the
formulation of adaptation strategies, particularly in highly complex and vulnerable regions of Himalayas.
Jammu City, situated in the north-western Himalayas within a transitional zone between the
Himalayan range and the plains, is not only susceptible to intense seismic activities but also faces
multiple hazards, including floods, earthquakes, avalanches, and landslides. In recent years, the region
has experienced growth in population with rapid progress in infrastructure development, encompassing
the construction of highways, dams, and tunnels as integral components of urban development
initiatives. Therefore, this study has been conducted to assess the inherent vulnerability
index (VI) in Jammu City at ward level as a function of sensitivity, adaptive capacity, and exposure,
using ecological and social indicators in GIS environment. The primary objective was to identify the
most vulnerable area and ascertain the corresponding municipal ward, aiming to formulate a comprehensive
ranking. The 22 indicators analysed were from four major components, namely social,
infrastructure, technological, and ecological. The ecological indicators like Land Surface Temperature
(LST), Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), and Land use/Land cover were derived
from Landsat 8 OLI satellite data. The results show that the majority of the area of the city
falls into the moderate (20%), high (25.49%), and very high (25.17%) vulnerability categories, respectively,
clustered in north-western and south-western transects with densely populated residential
areas. The results can assist policymakers in identification of components of inherent vulnerability
for focused resource management and formulating adaptation strategies to address the current
stressors in the region.

著者:
Bharti
Simran
Haq
Adyan Ul
Guite
L. T. Sasang
Kanga
Shruti
Mushtaq
Fayma
Farooq
Majid
Singh
Suraj Kumar
Meraj
Gowhar
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