Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part B: Regional Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change所収
Chapter: 24
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Warming trends and increasing temperature extremes have been observed across most of the Asian region over the past century (high confidence). {24.3}
Water scarcity is expected to be a major challenge for most of the region as a result of increased water demand and lack of good management (medium confidence). {24.4.3}
The impacts of climate change on food production and food security in Asia will vary by region, with many regions to experience a decline in productivity (medium confidence). {24.4.4}
Terrestrial systems in many parts of Asia have responded to recent climate change with shifts in the phenologies, growth rates, and the distributions of plant species, and with permafrost degradation, and the projected changes in climate during the 21st century will increase these impacts (high confidence). {24.4.2}
Coastal and marine systems in Asia are under increasing stress from both climatic and non-climatic drivers (high confidence). Multiple stresses caused by rapid urbanization, industrialization, and economic development will be compounded by climate
change (high confidence). {24.4-7} {24.4.3}
Extreme climate events will have an increasing impact on human health, security, livelihoods, and poverty, with the type and magnitude of impact varying across Asia (high confidence). {24.4.6}
Studies of observed climate changes and their impacts are still inadequate for many areas, particularly in North, Central, and West Asia (high confidence). {24.8}

Hijioka, Y., E. Lin, J.J. Pereira, R.T. Corlett, X. Cui, G.E. Insarov, R.D. Lasco, E. Lindgren, and A. Surjan