This chapter aims to enable its readers to: i) Appreciate the need for a clear and comprehensive macroeconomic framework for research and policy analysis to support an inclusive green economy; ii) Understand the concept of multiple capital stocks – including human, physical, natural, social, institutional – and their utility in advancing the...
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- Topic: (-) Green Economy
This chapter introduces Part B of GEO-6: Policies, Goals, Objectives and Environmental Governance: An Assessment of Their Effectiveness.
An analysis of pathways towards sustainable development
needs a long-term vision. Ideally, such a vision is summarized
in a quantitative set of globally agreed key objectives or
targets. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development,
adopted in September 2015, conceptualizes sustainable
development through 17 SDGs and is further operationalized
Providing a decent life and well-being for nearly 10 billion1
people by 2050, without further compromising the ecological
limits of our planet and its benefits, is one of the most serious
challenges and responsibilities humanity has ever faced.
People worldwide rely on the smooth functioning of Earth’s
natural life-support systems, in different...
The Global Environment Outlook (GEO) is the result of a consultative and participatory process to prepare an independent assessment of the state of the environment, the effectiveness of the policy response in addressing environmental challenges and the possible pathways to achieving various internationally agreed environmental goals. The GEO is a...
Shaping the economy of sustainable development: An overview of policies and initiatives supporting the shift towards sustainable consumption and production patterns in Africa
This report presents an overview of policies and initiatives related to sustainable consumption and production advanced by the governments of the African region. Although not pretending to present an exhaustive overview, the report was developed based on a broad literature review, including key reports produced by the UN Economic Commission for...
第五次環境基本計画は，環境・経済・社会問題が相互に連関しているという認識のもと，それを解決するために，持続可能な開発目標（SDGs）およびパリ協定の採択という時代の転換点を契機とする新たな文明社会へのパラダイムシフトを要請している．本稿は，このようなパラダイムシフトにつながる政策として，第五次環境基本計画の重点戦略を支える「地球温暖化対策計画」（2016年5 月13 日閣議決定）の長期目標である2050 年までに80％の温室効果ガス（GHG）の排出削減を達成することを目的とした本格的な炭素税導入を核としたグリーン税制改革を取り上げ，グリーン税制改革によって豊かな暮らしを維持すると同時に大幅なGHG 排出削減を達成することが可能であることを示した．
The IGES NDC Database compiles the main features of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), which were communicated by the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in order to present the targets and measures that will be taken in order to implement the Paris Agreement, according to countries’ national...
In the beginning of the biofuel boom in the late 2000s, there were high expectations
in many Asian countries that biofuels could enhance energy security, provide jobs,
and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. There were hopes that biofuels could
be produced and consumed on a large scale and high expectations of significant
This chapter discusses the social and economic impacts of biofuels in East Asia by analyzing four country case studies. Three case study countries are large Asian rapidly developing countries which were expected to be large consumers and producers of biofuels at the beginning of the biofuel boom in the late 2000s: Indonesia, India, and China. All...