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Discussion Paper


Book Chapter



12章 気候変動に関する国際交渉
3 京都メカニズムと二国間クレジット制度

Discussion Paper

The FVA needs to support for transparency of INDCs. Since INDCs cover Economy-wide emission reduction targets (GHG targets) as well as Non-GHG targets such as energy targets, policy and project implementation, the scope of the FVA includes accounting framework for not only international transactions but also mitigation targets or actions under...

Issue Brief

In April 2014, the Annex B countries of the Kyoto Protocol published the number of transactions of Kyoto units that had taken place by the end of 2013 as well as the GHG emissions of the Annex B countries in 2012. This report summarises how each country achieved their emission reduction targets during the first commitment period of the Kyoto...

Issue Brief


・日本は、2008年から2012年における実際のGHG排出量が初期割当量を上回ったが、森林吸収源(Removal unit: RMU)、チェコ、ウクライナ、スイスからのAssigned Amount Unit (AAU)、クリーン開発メカニズム(CDM)プロジェクトに投資して直接取得したCertified Emission Reduction(CER)を主に活用して、GHG排出量の基準年比8.4%減を達成した。


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Updated: July 2023

G7 (2023) Special webpage

The G7 Ministers' Meeting on Climate, Energy, and Environment was recently held in Sapporo, Japan, ahead of the G7 Hiroshima Summit on May 19-21. In this special issue, we provide in-depth coverage of the latest updates and insights from th

Updated: March 2023

Net-zero: Towards 1.5°C Goal

In 2021, Japan announced its Green Growth Strategy, setting out a roadmap for key technologies in line with its commitment on carbon neutrality by 2050. Japan has embarked on several initiatives on transformative technology in key sectors, with the a