CBD COP15 Special Webpage

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is a multilateral environmental agreement on: (1) the conservation of biodiversity; (2) the sustainable use of the components of biological diversity; and (3) the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources. For the previous decade the actions of Parties to the CBD were guided by the “Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020”, including its 20 “Aichi Biodiversity Targets”. 

The Conference of the Parties (COP) is the governing body of the Convention, which advances implementation of the Convention through the decisions it takes at its meetings, which are normally held every two years.

The Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework

The next meeting of the CBD COP is COP15, initially scheduled to be held in October 2020, in Kunming, China. It has been delayed repeatedly due to the challenges that Covid-19 poses to convening in-person meetings, and is currently scheduled for the third quarter of 2022. At CBD COP 15, the Strategic Plan is due to be replaced by the post-2020 global biodiversity framework (GBF).

Perhaps the most publicized feature of the post-2020 GBF is the possible inclusion of a global target for conserving 30% of land and 30% of the oceans by 2030. The term, “conserved” is expected to include not only protected areas but also “other effective area-based conservation measures” (OECMS) – a concept that has only recently begun to take off but is also receiving a lot of attention.

The first draft of the GBF includes a theory of change, around which the framework is built. The theory of change recognizes that urgent policy action is required to slow and halt the trends that have exacerbated biodiversity loss, by 2030, and to allow for the recovery of natural ecosystems by 2050, to achieve the Convention’s vision of “living in harmony with nature by 2050”.

Podcast Episode on CBD and COP15


About Sustainability... is a podcast presented by the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, featuring IGES staff and guests having in-depth discussions about sustainability-related topics. In this episode, IGES staff talked about the CBD, and the upcoming 15th meeting of the COP, expected to be held in Kunming later in 2022.