Towards Policy Design for SCP: From environmental policy to socio-economic technology policy

Event: ISIE 2019 Beijing
Date: July 2019 (Beijing)
Conference Paper

Under the era of Paris Agreement and SDGs, sustainability agenda has shifted to designing fundamental changes in socio-technical system towards decarbonized and circular society. This shift should largely depend on taking advantage of emerging forces in socio-technical system including new business models, drivers of wealth, wellbeing and human development, urbanization, disruptive technologies, and digitization. Socio-technical innovations are crucial to ensure that these forces do not divert our society away from sustainability.



As a part of 5 years research project on Policy Design for SCP in Asia, the study currently emphasizes that there are four strategic directions for SCP policy. Firstly, SCP policies are expanding from the environmental policy domain to socio-technology policy domain. Secondly, strengthening linkages between consumption and production is a key emerging trend. Thirdly, transition to SCP is a socio-technical regime shift requiring successive changes in social practices, technology use in daily life, and associated infrastructure. Forth, bottom up approaches are necessary to enhance effectiveness and acceptance of SCP policies. 


Based on this recognition, this paper will highlight why policy design in the era of SDGs and Paris Agreement needs to overcome conventional environmental policy framework. Policy design in the era of SDGs and Paris Agreement is not those focusing on individual products or behaviors/or improving efficiency in management system in relation to environmental sustainability. Rather it is to address more socio-economic system and to target collective efforts for transition. It is fundamentally different from environmental policy design responding to pollution. It is vital to identify and develop communication tools for sharing visions among stakeholders. Policy design under the era of SDGS include communication/planning tools as well as those expecting multiple effect/unintended effect contributing to social well-being. This paper will try to examine possible framework for policy design in this direction.