Dr.
Hideyuki KUBO

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Discussion Paper
In rural Ethiopia, small-scale farmers have suffered from recurrent extreme climate events, such as droughts, that have caused crop failures and the death of livestock. The Farmer Field School (FFS) approach is an agricultural extension approach considered to support climate-resilient farming and livelihoods. Focusing on an FFS project implemented...
Peer-reviewed Article
In Scientific Reports
Author:
A.
Sulaiman
M.
Osaki
H.
Takahashi
M.
Yamanaka
D.
Susanto
S.
Shimada
K.
Kimura
T.
Hirano
R.
Wetadewi
S.
Sisva
T.
Kato
O.
Kozan
Awaluddin
N.
Tsuji
In general, it is known that extreme climatic conditions such as El Niño and positive Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD+) cause prolonged drought in Indonesia's tropical peatlands so that groundwater levels (GWL) drop and peat is prone to fire. However, 27 years of GWL measurements in Central Kalimantan peat forests show the opposite condition, where the...
Non Peer-reviewed Article
In Satoyama Initiative
Author:
Shigenobu
Suzuki
At 14:46 on March 11, 2011, the largest earthquake ever recorded, with a magnitude of 9.0 on the Richter scale, occurred, and together with the subsequent tsunami, caused extensive damage along the Pacific coast of the Tohoku region in Japan. The human casualties, as reported by the National Police Agency on April 10, 2015, were 15,891 dead and 2...
Non Peer-reviewed Article
In Satoyama Initiative
Larch forestry has thrived in Atsuma town under a relatively mild climate and clear-cutting operations have been carried out with well-developed forest roads. Besides, a new trend is emerging. It is a trial-and-error process to find diversity in the way people relate to the forest and reflect it in the way they make a living. The horse logging...
Non Peer-reviewed Article
In Satoyama Initiative
Author:
Yuriko
Yamamoto
Kawano
Nobuki
Efforts in Aya over the past half century to coexist with nature have been based on collaboration with a diverse range of people and organizations, not only locally but also from all over Japan and abroad. Activities leading up to the present day were triggered by opposition to a deforestation plan in a state-owned forest, but since then, the...
Non Peer-reviewed Article
In Satoyama Initiative
Author:
Mai
Fukuda
At the end of World War II, the Battle of Okinawa was fought between Allied and Japanese forces on the Okinawa islands. The Battle of Okinawa was a ground war directly involving the people of the prefecture, and 120,000 of the then population of approximately 490,000 were killed. Of these, 94,000 were civilian casualties. After the war, Okinawa was...
Conference Paper
Author:
Mari
Miura
Natural resource management in developing countries is often placed in the context of strengthening climate change resilience. However, the resilience concept is highly abstract. This study will analyze how the resilience concept is reflected in policies, measures, and implementation in Ethiopia and Kenya, two countries with arid and semi-arid...
Report Chapter
In Global Peatlands Assessment: The State of the World's Peatlands
Author:
Daniel
Murdiyarso
Mitsuru
Osaki
Zhao-Jun
Bu
Adrian
Dwiputra
Siew Yan
Lew
Andrey
Sirin
Erin
Swails
Zu Dienle
Tan
Shegzhong
Wang
Arimatéa
Ximenes
Peatlands are unique and rare ecosystems that, despite only covering around 3-4% of the planet’s land surface, they contain up to one-third of the world’s soil carbon, which is twice the amount of carbon as found in the world’s forests. Keeping this carbon locked away is absolutely critical to achieving global climate goals. However, about 12% of...
Conference Paper
Tree growing in the tropics has been attracting international attention in recent years as a climate change mitigation measure, and potential sites for afforestation have been identified. However, past experience has shown that afforestation projects in the tropics are accompanied by issues such as land rights and medium- to long-term management...
Commissioned Report
「持続可能なフードシステムの構築のための食料バリューチェーンにおける環境負荷等の見える化に関する研究開発業務」では、食料バリューチェーンにおける環境負荷等の見える化プロジェクト活動を推進するために、日本において輸入を通じた環境負荷の程度が大きいコモディティを対象に、食料のバリューチェーンの構造を分析した。また、環境・社会・経済の3つの側面から、バリューチェーンの現況を調査し課題を把握する。加えて、把握した課題に対する改善策や解決策を生産者や輸出入業者等を含むステークホルダーとともに検討を行い、持続可能なフードシステムの構築に資する知見を提供することを本研究開発の目的とした。本報告書では、インドネシアにおけるパーム油生産とベトナムにおけるコーヒー生産について実施した、研究開発の実施項目 ① ~...
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