Voluntary Local Review 2023: Localization of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in Kuala Lumpur
Insights of the Report
The Kuala Lumpur Voluntary Local Review highlights the city's progress in localising and implementing the SDGs. This approach offers an opportunity for city-regional diplomacy and cooperation. Kuala Lumpur's SDG efforts start with the SDG City Roadmap 2030, developed in collaboration with stakeholders, including businesses, youth, marginalised groups, and government agencies. This engagement helps prioritise SDG actions and programmes. Kuala Lumpur integrates the 17 SDGs into various plans, such as the Structure Plan 2040, Local Plan 2040, Low Carbon Society Blueprint 2030, and Climate Action Plan 2050. The Kuala Lumpur SDG Centre acts as a hub for consolidating and sharing efforts to localise the SDGs and implement the New Urban Agenda. This platform fosters collaboration and cooperation among stakeholders.
Issued: June 2023
8,200 per ㎢ (2020)
Level of Government
Local (city, town, village, etc)
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia's capital, strategically situated near the nation's economic core, serves as a thriving economic hub with a population of almost 2 million. The city covers diverse activities, from finance to education, benefiting around 7.8 million in the National Conurbation. Rapid development since 2000 led to a five-fold expansion of built-up areas by 2018, although land scarcity, ageing infrastructure and inequality pose challenges. Kuala Lumpur is undergoing a significant transformation with a focus on its future sustainability. The city is tackling interrelated challenges linked to urbanisation and ongoing growth. To chart a roadmap for a more sustainable future, inputs from citizens and government officials were gathered through surveys, discussions and workshops. These interactions guided the identification and prioritisation of key sustainability challenges.