IGES Policy Dialogues toward Sustainable Forest Management in Asia-Pacific Region

Policy Report
IGES Policy Dialogues toward Sustainable Forest Management in Asia-Pacific Region

The first phase of the IGES Project on Forest Conservation (IGES FCP) attempted to identify principles and measures for sustainable forest management (SFM) based on experiences in the Asia-Pacific Region. Extensive studies were carried out within a framework of four interrelated subthemes by in-house research staff, visiting researchers and many outside collaborators. Based on the diversified research activities which were conducted, including four IGES FCP-organized International Workshops and three local policy dialogues, the project reached many useful conclusions related to each sub-theme. The structural analysis of forest destruction confirmed that the root causes of forest destruction include "the insufficient base of local participation and community rights" and "impact of market forces under an incomplete market system" as well as the "forest development paradigm with industrial emphasis" and "economic/political instabilities." The participatory forest management (PFM) policy sub-theme categorized existing PFM into several types based on their main actors, legal status of forest land and activities, and made policy recommendations based on their examination of internal and external constraints on participation.
The Legal /Administrative sub-theme focused on international legal measures related to SFM, international processes for policy dialogue on forest issues, and domestic legal/administrative measures relating to PFM. The sub-theme elaborated the principles and measures for sustainable forest management with special reference to local participation in SFM, in cooperation with other sub-themes.