On 1 November, Padang City, Indonesia, launched an action plan and baseline report on integrated municipal solid waste management on the occasion of the 5th Green Cities Mayor Council Meeting of the Indonesia–Malaysia–Thailand Growth Triangle (IMT-GT) in Medan. The Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) made a major contribution to the development and drafting of this Action Plan as one of the main partners in the project.
The “Action Plan on Integrated Solid Waste Management in Padang City (2023–2030)” provides a holistic vision, and sets out the direction for implementing policies and actions by introducing sustainable waste and resource management, to facilitate the development of Padang as an environmentally-friendly city. It is hoped that this project will be rolled out to other municipalities on Sumatra Island and across Indonesia. The action plan also aims to establish a local circular economy in Padang City based on the 5Rs: reducing or optimising the use of raw materials from nature (Reduce), reusing materials and products (Reuse), transforming used materials and products into new products (Recycle), recovering used materials and products in the form of material and energy (Recovery), and repairing products for extended use (Repair).
The baseline report, which is entitled “Study on Integrated Solid Waste Management: Padang City, Indonesia,” provides scientific and up-to-date data and local knowledge for understanding waste flow, generation and composition, and management operation of key stakeholders in terms of available resources and partnerships. It also sheds light on awareness and waste-handling habits of local communities. This report has helped Padang develop the above-mentioned action plan to improve waste management in the city.
Municipal solid waste management (MSWM) is one of the national priorities in Indonesia’s Fourth Mid-Term Plan (2020–2025). Simultaneously, the National Policy and Strategy for Developing Solid Waste Management Systems for 2017–2025 (JAKSTRANAS) targets the achievement of 30% waste reduction and 70% proper waste-handling rates by 2025. Given the importance of addressing plastic waste and marine pollution, Indonesia has also enacted Presidential Regulation No. 83/2018 and the National Action Plan for Combating Marine Plastic Debris, which targets a reduction in marine plastic debris by 70% by 2025.
In partnership with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Ministry of the Environment, Japan, IGES supported this project from the technical and financial perspectives, including research, training and capacity building, organisation of seminars and workshops, documentation of knowledge, and drafts of the Action Plan and study report. The leadership of the Mayor and the Environmental Agency of Padang City as well as the active participation of major local stakeholders, including academic institutions, private sectors, nongovernment organisations and diverse community groups, greatly encouraged the successful implementation of national policies.
• Honorable Hendri Septa, Mayor of Padang City
We offer praise and gratitude for the presence of Allah, God Almighty, because of His grace and mercy in fostering the development of the Waste Management Action Plan Report 2023–2030. This Action Plan contains information on future activities and work plans to be implemented to achieve the waste reduction target of 30% for Padang City by 2030. I would like to thank the various stakeholders led by Padang City in collaboration with Andalas University, Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia West Sumatra (WALHI Sumbar), the International Environmental Technology Centre of the United Nations Environment Programme, IGES Centre Collaborating with UNEP on Environmental Technologies (CCET) and the Indonesia–Malaysia–Thailand Growth Triangle (IMT-GT), who participated in and contributed to the development of the Action Plan, which will be beneficial for waste management in Padang City up to 2030.
• Mr. Firdaus Dahlan, Director of the Centre for IMT-GT Subregional Cooperation (CIMT)
CIMT is pleased to collaborate with the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) Centre Collaborating with UNEP on Environmental Technologies (CCET) in formulating the Action Plan for the Integrated Solid Waste Management (ISWM) of Padang City, Indonesia. This pilot project will facilitate the agenda of the city to become a “smart city.” With its success, the project can continue to roll out to other cities in the subregion. ISWM is one of the prioritised sectors in IMT-GT subregional cooperation, as outlined in the Sustainable Urban Development Framework of the IMT-GT for 2019–2036. This project signifies the strong commitment of the IMT-GT to be a sustainable subregion in line with its Vision 2036. I wish to acknowledge and applaud the commitment from all stakeholders, particularly the IGES-CCET for rendering technical assistance and expertise as well as Padang City for its leadership and effective coordination and execution, which made this project a success.
• Mr. Yasuo Takahashi, Executive Director: Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES)
The sound management of municipal solid waste is needed to overcome the triple planetary crisis (climate, biodiversity, and pollution) that the world is facing today. This issue is not exceptional for cities in Indonesia. In this regard, IGES, in partnership with UNEP, MOEJ, IMT-GT, and national and local stakeholders, has supported Padang City in developing an integrated MSWM plan based on scientific evidence. In this manner, it intends to provide policy direction toward the achievement of sustainable waste management and resource efficiency by 2030. This project will also help the city to successfully implement national policies and set targets for improving its MSWM systems.
As a follow-up, IGES, in partnership with other national and international partners, will contribute to the implementation of the City Action Plan in Padang by providing technical assistance for infrastructure development and the mobilisation of finance for recycling, recovery, and treatment and technical assistance for institutional and policy development, awareness-raising, education, and training and capacity building. Additionally, IGES will work with Padang City and IMT-GT to document and share its experience with other cities in Indonesia and abroad.
Please see the following report for further information.
Action Plan on Integrated Solid Waste Management in Padang City (2023-2030)