Case Visit

Learning through Malaysia’s Integrated Flood Management

8 – 12 July 2019

The frequency of large-scale natural Malaysia case visitdisasters has increased in recent years, as is evident from the rise in the number of disaster events, and the severity and scale of their impact. Immediate action is required to counteract the growing disaster-related losses. With the direct effect of climate change on disasters, linking disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation becomes a necessity. To forge a more resilient and inclusive future, the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), through the ASEAN Committee on Disaster Management (ACDM) Working Group of Prevention and Mitigation, with support from the Government of Japan, through the ASEAN-Japan Integration Fund, is partnering with the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), the Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC), and CTI Engineering (CTII), to implement the project “Disaster Risk Reduction by Integrating Climate Change Projection into Risk Assessment”. This is in support of the ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response Work Programme 2016-2020, aimed towards “building resilient ASEAN Community to reduce disaster losses and collectively respond to disasters.”Malaysia Case Visit

The project is a capacity building initiative directed mainly towards: 1) enhanced ASEAN Member States’ (AMSs) development plans, frameworks, and policies, where Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) are mainstreamed, and 2) strengthened capacities of targeted AMS government officials and institutions on flood and landslide risk assessment and risk mapping, with incorporation of climate projection. 


Although Malaysia is located outside the Ring of Fire and south of major typhoon paths, its population is often exposed to natural disasters such as floods, droughts, landslides, haze and rare cases of droughts and tsunamis. Its annual floods account for frequent and significant property and crop damage, disruption of business and livelihoods, and other losses – the country faced its worse monsoonal/coastal flood, resulting in extensive damage affecting over half a million people across several states in December 2014. With the growing number of climate change concerns, the country has invested in adaptation and mitigation efforts in addition to improving the disaster risk management structure. Taking a step further, Malaysia has incorporated several strategies and implemented a framework to mitigate these threats with planned economic and civil progress set out in the Eleventh Malaysia Plan 2016-2020, which also identifies disaster management resilience against climate change and natural disaster strategies; established Permanent Flood Control Commission; established flood disaster relief machinery; carried out river basin studies and preparation of drainage master plans; implemented structural and non-structural measures; and set up a nation-wide network of hydrological and flood data collection stations, and a data-sharing portal. Learning from Malaysia’s experience and its good practices, the case visit served as an integral part of the capacity building component of this project intended for:

  • On-site learning about Malaysia’s integrated flood management, data-management for disaster risk reduction, and other flood mitigation measures for ASEAN countries;
  • Exchange and discussions about challenges and opportunities to enhance organizations’ role in implementing/contributing to better flood risk reduction (both mitigation/prevention and preparedness).

As with previous case visits, the event brought together key stakeholders from governments and technical institutions from Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam together over the course of 5 days. Active discussions and exchange highlighted good practices and measures set in place including visits to the National Flood Forecasting and Warning Program (PRAB) under the Department of Irrigation and Drainage; Stormwater Management and Road Tunnel (SMART) – Kuala Lumpur’s underground water retention infrastructure; Timah Tasoh Dam - largest flood mitigation dam; Batu Dam – flood storage/Kuala Lumpur flood mitigation plan; Muda River – important water resources for agriculture and water supply for Kedah and Penang; Muda Flood Mitigation Project – river catchment, and more.

Related Publications

Both the full report and summary documents are attached. Recognising the need to integrate DRR and CCA into policies and institutions in The ASEAN Member States, JICA has supported implementation of a project on ‘Strengthening Institutional and Policy Framework on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) Integration’. The...

Event Details

8 – 12 July 2019

Kuala Lumpur, Perlis, Kedah - Malaysia

National Disaster Management Agency of Malaysia, Department of Irrigation and Drainage
Japan-ASEAN Integration Fund

Pimvadee Keaokiriya
Programme Manager, IGES Bangkok Regional Centre
Email: [email protected]

Presentation Materials

  1 Case Visit Overview: Study Tour for Flood Risk Management
CTI Engineering International
PDF (767KB)
  2 Integrated Flood Management
Department of Irrigation and Drainage Malaysia
PDF (5.4MB)
  3 Dam Management in Malaysia
Department of Irrigation and Drainage Malaysia
PDF (3.2MB)
  4 Urban Stormwater Management Manual for Malaysia
Department of Irrigation and Drainage Malaysia
PDF (7.0MB)
  5 Hydrodynamic Flood Forecasting Operations and Simulation
National Flood Forecasting and Warning Centre (PRABN), Department of Irrigation and Drainage Malaysia
PDF (2.6MB)
  6 Flood Forecasting and Warning Program (PRAB) 2015-2022
National Flood Forecasting and Warning Centre (PRABN), Water Resources Management and Hydrology Division
PDF (2.9MB)
  7 Muda Flood Mitigation Project
MUDA Agricultural Development Authority
PDF (4.7MB)
  8 Flood Mitigation Project, Sungai Kedah
Drainage and Irrigation Department, Sungai Kedah
PDF (6.0MB)
  9 Bertam Flood Mitigation Project
Drainage and Irrigation Department, District of Seberang Perai Utara
PDF (465KB)
  10 Pengenalan Kawasan Tadahan Sungai Muda
Drainage and Irrigation Department
PDF (5.1MB)
  11 Climate Change Downscaling Application for Flood Risk Management
National Hydraulic Research Institute of Malaysia
PDF (6.7MB)
  12 Impact of Climate Change to Sea Level in Malaysia
Coastal and Oceanography Research Centre, National Hydraulic Research Institute of Malaysia
PDF (4.6MB)
  13 Managing Water Resources Through River Basin – Integration Approach
Md Khairi Selamat, River Basin Management Division, Department of Irrigation of Drainage
PDF (3.4MB)