84件中 1~10件 (日付順)
ポリシーレポート
著者:
NAKHOODA
Smita
FRANSEN
Taryn
CARAVANI
Alice
PRIZZON
Annalisa
TILLEY
Helen
HALIMANJAYA
Aidy
WELHAM
Bryn

Developed countries committed to provide US$ 30 billion in new and additional climate finance between 2010 and 2012 under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). This ‘Fast-Start Finance’ (FSF) was an initial step towards mobilising climate finance at a level that reflects the adaptation and mitigation challenges these...

ポリシーレポート
著者:
NAKHOODA
Smita
FRANSEN
Taryn
CARAVANI
Alice
PRIZZON
Annalisa
TILLEY
Helen
HALIMANJAYA
Aidy
WELHAM
Bryn

気候変動対策のための途上国への資金支援については、2009年の国連気候変動枠組み条約(UNFCCC)第15回締約国会議にて留意されたコペンハーゲン合意において、先進国締約国は2つの目標を打ち出した。一つは「長期資金」(LTF: Long-Term Finance)として2020年までに多様な財源から年間計1000億米ドルを動員すること、そして二つ目は「短期資金」(FSF:Fast-Start Finance)として2010年から2012年までの3カ年で計300億米ドルの「新規かつ追加的」な支援を動員すること、であった。

このFSFは、途上国における緩和及び適応対策に十分な資金を調達するための長い道のりの中の第一歩であった。FSF実施期間は、世界的金融危機の発生後であり...

ディスカッションペーパー

As Myanmar attracts investment and improves its economic prospects, green growth has moved steadily up the policy agenda. The heightened importance of green growth is visible in high-level political statements as well as policy and institutional reforms that could translate those words into action (i.e. Environmental Conservation Law 2012). Yet...

イシューブリーフ

Recently, negotiations have intensified over a post-2020 framework to address climate change. This framework is applicable to all the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and one of the most contentious issues is how diverse Parities with different national circumstances should contribute to the mitigation of greenhouse...

ブックチャプター
Climate Change and Water Resources所収

Keeping in view the various pressures operating on water resources, this chapter elicits various tools for prioritizing adaptation actions within water sector, evaluates different adaptation options including structural and non-structural adaptation and identify barriers that could undermine the rapid expansion of these adaptation options. Managing...

ワーキングペーパー

Research on short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) has been based more on air pollution and energy models than how existing policies affect the model’s recommended actions. This article analyses how Thailand’s policies influenced attempts to control a critical source of SLCPs: open burning. In 2012, Thailand’s Pollution Control Department (PCD) led...

ディスカッションペーパー
著者:
Christopher W.JONES

The European Union’s Emission Trading System (EU-ETS) is currently the world’s largest market for trading greenhouse gas (GHG) emission allowances (also referred to as permits or credits), and is the EU’s ‘flagship’ climate change mitigation policy. However, in its first eight years the EU-ETS has not been the driver of domestic EU climate change...

イシューブリーフ

[Main messages]
- Women are disproportionately susceptible to the risks of climate change but lack equal
access to the benefits of climate finance.
- This imbalance represents a missed opportunity: women are more inclined to invest in
health, nutrition, education and other drivers of development.
- Rectifying this imbalance could prove challenging...