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Research Report

The world’s forest cover continues to decrease. In recent years, the world’s forests have been affected by over-harvesting, overgrazing, pests and diseases, high global temperatures, floods, droughts, storms, air pollution and forest fires, as well as the economic crises in Asia and other regions. In particular, the forests in Asia have been...

Discussion Paper

The Clean Development Mechanism has its meaning to be a tool that the sustainable development in the host developing country is compatible with the climate change mitigation, as well as, a flexible instrument for developed countries to meet their quantified commitments.

This paper considers how the CDM works properly as a tool to assist developing...

Discussion Paper

Kyoto Protocol incorporates the international flexibility mechanisms such as emissions trading, etc., in addition to setting the quantified commitments for Annex I Parties. The Protocol also recognizes the importance of domestic actions, and supports the concept of supplementarity in the Articles 6 and 17.
EU proposes to limit the tradeable amounts...

Policy Report

This report summarizes the points of the two flexibility measures, GHGs emissions trading and joint implementation, focusing on former instrument, adopted in the Kyoto Protocol, aiming at identifying the issues for designing how the regime works efficiently and what points should be settled. Proposals are also mentioned especially focusing on the

Discussion Paper

This report is the outline of the first IGES Brainstorming Forum which was held on June 21 and 22, 1998 at Shonan Village.
Japan has no experience in emissions trading which will be introduced in accordance with the Kyoto Protocol. Emissions trading will be a very important future measure of Japan in the issue of global warming; however, it has not...