Rainfall‑runoff simulations in ungauged Fusre River basin, Nepal using HEC‑HMS model

In Arabian Journal of Geosciences
Peer-reviewed Article
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Water resources assessment and management in ungauged basins are highly challenging but important task. It requires
accurate simulation and estimation of streamflow characteristics. This study focuses on the simulation of rainfall-runoff
processes in an ungauged Fusre River basin, a tributary of Seti River basin, Nepal using a semi-distributed hydrological
model: Hydrologic Engineering Center-Hydrological Modeling System (HEC-HMS). The HEC-HMS model setup consists
of a basin model, meteorological model, control specifications, and time series data. HEC-GeoHMS, an ArcGIS extension,
enabled to prepare basin model parameters of the Seti river basin. Using daily streamflow data of Damauli hydrological station
and precipitation data of 3 meteorological stations over the Seti basin, calibration and validation of the HEC-HMS model
parameters were carried for 2007–2014 and 2015–2019 periods, respectively. Both continuous and event-based rainfallrunoff
modeling were carried out to produce mean monthly and peak discharge values. Model performance was evaluated
using values of NSE, RMSE, PBIAS, and R2 statistical parameters. After suitable values of these statistical parameters, the
HEC-HMS model was applied for producing streamflow values in ungauged Fusre River basin. Flood-frequency analysis of
simulated streamflow values projected a peak discharge of 457.3 m3/
s and 534.6 m3/
s for the 10- and 20-year return periods,

Indra Prasad
Binaya Kumar