The structure, content and implementation of green procurement

Ver. 1, March 2013

Agenda 21, which was adopted at the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED Earth Summit), placed Green Purchasing as a key tool to both reduce environmental load and raise levels of sustainable consumption and production. Further, Goal 22 of the HaNoi 3R Declaration (Sustainable 3R Goals or Asia for 2013-2023) is to Promote green procurement at all levels, thereby creating and expanding 3R industries and markets for environment-friendly goods and products.

Along with the growing severity in global environmental issues over recent years is the awareness among the international community for societal development based on a sound, sustainable economy. This can be realized through developing environmentally friendly goods and services via support from governmental administrative organizations, NPOs and businesses.

Green Purchasing, which places priority on environmentally preferable goods and services, is a key measure for developing environmentally friendly goods for the market through environmental management, and placing environmental consciousness into the mindset of consumers. It also embraces the issues of social policy, such as inclusiveness, equality and diversity targets, regeneration and integration. On the macroeconomic level, economic benefits can be realized in the form of efficiency gains from incorporating whole-life costing into decision making. The creation of sustainable markets is essential for long-term growth, and sustainable development itself fosters innovation. On the microeconomic level, green procurement can also aid in economic redistribution—with potential targets including job and wealth creation and aid for small businesses, including those owned by ethnic minorities.