The Strategic Implications of Japanese Environmental Management

In International Review for Environmental Strategies (IRES) Volume 2 Number 1 (Summer 2001)
Peer-reviewed Article

The Japanese experience with environmental management shows that a holistic strategy integrating three managerial dimensions-social, economic and environmental-is required. Four strategic implications can be learned from Japanese successes and failures in environmental management: how to build cooperative approaches among actors in environmental governance; how to deal with economic and environmental dilemmas; how to structure national environmental policy; and how to finance environmental pollution controls. The strategic principles of these four aspects are universally applicable to other countries. Nevertheless, the applicability of Japanese experiences and lessons to specific countries requires further comparative studies that take the socioeconomic, political and cultural backgrounds of the countries into account.

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