Simulation of Gomti River (Lucknow City, India) future water quality under different mitigation strategies

In Heliyon
Volume (Issue): 4
Peer-reviewed Article

The Gomti River in Lucknow City, India, was an important source of water for the
different uses few decades ago. However, because of the rapid global changes,
current status of the river is very critical from environmental, aesthetic and
commercial usage point of view. Henceforth, this research work focused on
assessing the current as well as predicting its future situation using different
scenarios while considering key drivers of global changes namely climate change
and population growth. Water Evaluation and Planning (WEAP), a numerical
simulation tool, was used to model river water quality using two scenarios viz.
business as usual (BAU) and scenario with mitigation measures. Water quality
simulation was done along 24 km stretch of the Gomti River from downstream
of Near Moosa Bird Sanctuary to Near Bharwara. Comparison of simulated
water quality parameters for the current and BAU status clearly indicates that the
water quality by 2030 will rapidly deteriorate and will be not suitable for many
aquatic lives in terms of simulated water quality parameters. Results from
scenario with mitigation measures suggest current planned wastewater treatment
plants and policies are not sufficient enough to achieve desirable river water
quality within class B and hence call for immediate and inclusive action.