Reorienting International Development to Accelerate Poverty Reduction and Ensure Sustainability as this Century’s Top Development Goals

In International Review for Environmental Strategies (IRES) Volume 4 Number 1 (2003)
Peer-reviewed Article

This paper reviews the current state of affairs in developing Asia-Pacific countries in terms of poverty and environmental deterioration and some plausible reasons for their presence, including the poverty-environment nexus. It then assesses progress made so far by the governments of these countries and bilateral and multilateral donors in dealing with these critical issues. The paper then focuses on key factors that will help achieve the Millennium Development Goals of poverty and hunger eradication and environmental sustainability: economic growth policies, specific policies, programmes to reduce poverty and promote sustainable development, and social equity concerns for the present and future generations. Success in achieving the MDGs will require strong political commitment at the highest level. The paper ends with recommendations for the international community and Japan on policy and institutional reforms for poverty reduction and environmental sustainability, including the need to broaden traditional environmental education into “education for sustainable development,” in full recognition of the linkages among environment, human rights, health, peace, and development.

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