Policy Options for Preventing and Reducing Food Waste in Bangkok

Event: 3RINCs
Date: 28 February 2019, Bangkok, Thailand
Conference Proceeding

In the course of implementing the Paris climate agreement and the 2030 sustainable development goals, policymakers, practitioners, and academics have increasingly acknowledged the urgency of addressing the issue of food waste, both globally and more especially in Asian countries. Various research is being carried out in high-income countries such as Japan and Korea, focusing on food waste generation downstream of the supply chain. This paper selected the megacity of Bangkok as a case study to clarify the current situation on food waste generation from the consumer side. It also suggested policy options for preventing and reducing food waste. The food waste generation rate in Bangkok is estimated to be around 0.42kg/person/day in 2014, which is higher than the level in Tokyo. Also, the paper clarified the “scene” and reasons for food waste generation by consumers, based on a questionnaire survey with a range of questions to capture respondents’ lifestyles habits includes time use, eating habits (eating out, having ready-made food at home and eating in) and waste disposal. Finally, we identified further challenges and proposed several policy options not only to reduce food waste after generation but also to prevent the food waste generation at source based on existing good practices. In short, the paper addressed the need for waste separation and composting at source, the basic framework act/policy development on material recycling involving different stakeholders across the whole supply chain, as well as incorporating consumers’ lifestyles such as work-life balance into the solutions.