This policy brief outlines some of the discussions at a series of science-policy dialogues for countries of the Asia-Pacific region, held between February and October 2019. The purpose of the dialogues was to introduce biodiversity policymakers, and other stakeholders from these countries, to the IPBES Regional Assessment for Asia and the Pacific (IPBES 2018a), and in particular to the key messages in the Assessment Report’s Summary for Policymakers (see Table 1). This policy brief is aimed at policymakers such as those who attended the dialogues, as well as their counterparts in sectors that have an impact on biodiversity. It is expected to give them an idea of the kind of challenges faced by governments in Asia and the Pacific, and how these challenges relate to the assessment. This is one part of a set of two policy brief that cover the most important aspects of the science-policy dialogues. The other discusses raising awareness about the IPBES Regional Assessment for Asia and the Pacific. Both policy briefs are statements of the views of the workshop participants.