Maximizing the Climate Security Benefits of External Emergency Assistance

Event: Stakeholder consultation on Maximizing the Climate Security in Asia through a Coordinated Emergency Assistance Framework
Date: 22 Feb 2019, Manila, The Philippines

Japan is one of the prominent contributors towards overseas development assistance (ODA) and emergency relief assistance (external emergency assistance, EEA) in the aftermath of major natural disasters. These assistances have costs and benefits to both the recipients and to the donor countries. In order to improve the efficacy of various forms of external assistance that Japan is engaged in, it is important to understand how these external assistance programs have benefited the recipient countries and their spill over and feedback impacts on Japan itself (including costs and benefits).
The study team is evaluating the possibility of applying a critical threshold concept wherein the hypothesis suggests that the external emergency assistance recipient countries tend to follow a critical threshold of scale of emergency events, and capacities, at which they tend to seek external emergency assistance. If such a threshold concept is operating, then it is possible for countries such as Japan that reach out with emergency assistance can design their external assistance in such a way that the support being offered can maximize the climate security of both the recipient and donor country.
The case study will aim to gain a deeper understanding of the decisions taken leading to the release of emergency assistance, the nature, and effectiveness of utilization of the assistance on the ground, and understanding their short- and long-term implications for both the countries to gain deeper insights into benefiting the climate security of the countries involved.


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