Component 3 of the Core Environment Program (CEP) for the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) deals with environmental performance assessment (EPA) and sustainable development planning. The Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) is primarily responsible for the sustainable development planning, while the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is responsible for the implementation of the EPA.
The purpose of this review paper is to demonstrate the best practice worldwide in attempting to link sustainable development planning at all levels with environmental performance. It also reviews the progress to date in the GMS with both sustainable development planning and EPA and the need for increased linkage. From this review, it is intended that IGES and UNEP will be able to assist the GMS countries to continue to strengthen their EPAs by (i) drawing additional sustainability indicators from sustainable development planning, and (ii) making a stronger link between EPA and broader sectoral performance assessments within governments. This stronger linkage between EPA and sectoral performance assessment will assist the overall goal of mainstreaming environmental considerations into all aspects of subregional, national and sub-national development planning. Careful selection of a core set of indicators will help to link EPA, State of Environment (SOE) reports and National Sustainable Development Strategies (NSDS).
This paper is compiled in a book titled "Environmental Performance Assessment and Sustainable Development Planning in the Greater Mekong Subregion"