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Discussion Paper
The enhanced transparency framework (ETF) under Article 13 of the Paris Agreement (PA) builds on and enhances the existing transparency arrangements under the UN Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The objective of this paper is to identify to what extent the existing reporting of greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories and mitigation actions by...
Discussion Paper
Author:
Vera Revina Sari
Andono Warih
Erni P Fitratunnisa
Susi Andraiani
Retno G Dewi
Ucok Siagian
Iwan Hendrawan
Gissa N Sevie
Darsilawati
Indonesia begins to prepare a long-term GHG emissions reduction target (2050), which is commonly called Long Term Strategy (LTS). In line with this National LTS, DKI Jakarta is preparing its Provincial LTS aiming to establish the Low Carbon Development Strategy (LCDS) for achieving the Low Carbon Society (LCS). In conjunction with this DKI Jakarta...
Discussion Paper
This paper provides some background information on coal industry transition that has occurred recently in China, and shows prospects for better transition management with a focus on employment. Using statistical data and scenario analysis results provided in existing literature, changes in coal consumption, production and international trade in...
Discussion Paper
Ecosystem-based (EB) approaches have been strongly promoted in various international environmental and development processes. As a result, they are gaining increasing attention among development practitioners, policymakers and researchers. A review of G20 national adaptation plans and related strategies revealed that member countries have...
Discussion Paper
This is a survey with recommendation with three objectives intended to help Asian countries to integrate Short Lived Climate Pollutants(SLCP) into NDCs.. • it provides an overview of which countries in Asia have integrated SLCPs (or related terms) into their NDCs. • it offers pragmatic recommendations on how to strengthen that integration at the...
Discussion Paper
Global support for promoting adaptation, both in terms of technical and financial assistance is growing, though only a few countries have reached the stage of submitting their NAPs. Developing effective NAPs is a complicated process requiring a great deal of financial and technical resources, much akin to the implementation of environmental...
Discussion Paper
本稿では、クリーン開発メカニズム(CDM)プロジェクト毎に、投資分析に用いられた財務指標を用いて、非追加性の判定を行った。加えて、2017年12月までに発行された認証削減量(CER)に対して非追加的なプロジェクトからのCER量を推計した。本分析によって得られた主な結論は以下の通り。 • 2017年12月までにCDMプロジェクトから発行された1,877MtCO2の認証削減量(CER)のうち、非追加的なプロジェクトから発行されたCERが605MtCO2(全体の3割%)と計算された。 • プロジェクトタイプ別では、発行済みCERのうち水力発電プロジェクトの約8割、風力発電の約8割が非追加的なプロジェクトから発行された。一方で...
Discussion Paper
The NDC Guidance on the “formulation and communication of the NDC mitigation target(s)” (5-year cycle) and the Transparency Framework Guidelines dealing with the “reporting and review related to tracking progress of the NDC mitigation target” (2-year cycle) are essential in the detailed rule design of the Paris Agreement, scheduled for adoption at...
Discussion Paper
NDCs are the sets of nationally driven actions that countries pledged to the UNFCCC in the wake of the Paris Agreement. Countries in Asia could capitalize on the political and financial support flowing from the Paris Agreement and NDCs to help mitigate Short Lived Climate Pollutants(SLCPs) and curb air pollution. This paper has three objectives...