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Peer-reviewed Article
Author:
The purpose of this paper is to understand the current situation of local dwellers in protected areas, by revealing the reality of biodiversity conservation management in those areas, and to examine the tangled relationships between nature and human-kind. In order to protect precious biodiversity on earth, discussions on this topic are carried out...
Peer-reviewed Article

Climate Change and the Credibility of International Commitments: What is Necessary for the U.S. to Deliver on Such Commitments?

In International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics
Peer-reviewed Article
The theory of the commons encompasses two interpretations: one based on ‘manifest customs’, whilst the other relates to ‘latent customs’. The former asserts that individuals behave as rational economic units, pursuing their own profit based on economic mechanisms, whilst social restrictions relating to the use of resources within communities act to...
Peer-reviewed Article
In Ringyo keizai kenkyu (林業経済研究)
An important and progressive part of the forest policy regime in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR) is its land and forest allocation program started in 1996, which contains critical elements that delegate the rights of land and forest use to local people. This study aims to analyse the gap between the initial concept of the program and its...
Peer-reviewed Article
In IRES Vol.5 No.2
Since the 1970s, Asia has been engaged in a process of rapid economic growth through industrialization, with urban populations growing rapidly. This is causing a variety of environmental problems in the region: air pollution due to increasing vehicle traffic, shortage of clean water supply, pollution of urban rivers, and an increasing volume of...
Peer-reviewed Article
In IRES Vol.5 No.2
Author:
Gordon McGranahan
This article focuses on the importance of scale to understanding urban environmental burdens and sustainability. It examines urban environmental burdens at three different scales: (1) within urban areas, where the central concern is how the quality of urban environments affects the lives of the people who live in them; (2) within urban regions...
Peer-reviewed Article
In IRES Vol.5 No.2
This paper presents an overview of the linkages between population growth, urbanization, economic development, and environmental issues in Asian cities. Focusing on the areas of transport planning and air pollution, solid waste management, and water supply and sanitation, it looks at the major environmental issues faced by cities in the region, at...
Peer-reviewed Article
In IRES Vol.5 No.2
Author:
Peter Newman
Sustainability assessment is growing as a new way to integrate environmental matters with economic and social considerations. The emerging techniques and processes are examined in terms of their application to cities on three levels: projects, plans, and buildings. The global context is used to examine the development of sustainability assessment...