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Policy Brief
1997年に採択された京都議定書は、先進工業各国毎に異なる温室効果ガスの排出抑制・削減義務を課し、第一約束期間中(2008〜12年)に先進工業国全体として温室効果ガスを1990年比で少なくとも5%削減することを目標として定めている。国連気候変動枠組条約(UNFCCC)事務局が、2006年5月にとりまとめた京都議定書目標達成に向けた進捗状況に関する報告書(FCCC/SBI/2006/INF.2)によると、議定書批准先進工業諸国の2003年の総排出量は、経済移行国で経済活動が停滞したため、1990年比で6.2%減少し、先進工業諸国全体での削減目標については達成できそうな見通しである。他方で、各国の状況を個別に見てみると、日本やEUの一部の国は、目標達成が危うい状 況にある。...
Discussion Paper

Policy Considerations for establishing environmentally sound regional material flow in East Asia

International Conference on "Sustainable resource management, raw materials security, Factor-X resource productivity - tools for delivering sustainable growth in the European Union"
This paper was presented at International Conference on "Sustainable resource management, raw materials security, Factor-X resource productivity - tools for delivering sustainable growth in the European Union", December 6-7, 2006, Bruges, Belgium
Policy Brief
The Kyoto Protocol, adopted in 1997, committed industrialised countries to accept legally-binding targets to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions collectively by an average of 5% below 1990 levels in the first commitment period from 2008 to 2012. According to the latest report by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)...
Discussion Paper
Author:
Pan Haixiao
Shanghai is one of the largest prosperous cities in China with the population over 17million. From the 1940’s the major urban planning strategy is trying to de-centralize the overcrowded population in the central part of the city, where the density was even as high as 70000 people/sq.km, now decreased to 40000 people/sq.km. The still very high...
Presentation

Introduction of the Asian Mayors' Policy Deialogue for the Promotion of Environmentally Sustainable Transport in Cities

Second Meeting of the Regional EST Forum in Asia, 11-12 December, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Author:
Ministry of the Environment
United Nations Center for Regional Development
Discussion Paper
The 12th session of the Conference of Parties (COP12) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the second session of the Conference of Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (COP/MOP2) were held in Nairobi, Kenya from 6 to 17 November, 2006. The Nairobi conference primarily focused on...
Discussion Paper
Author:
Ranjith Perera
Urban land use observably induces and generates traffic particularly where segregation among categories of land uses are distinct. Zoning in land use that distinguishes residential and commercial zones would create the needs of motorized transport due to journey to works and other purposes, provided that the proximity between residential and...