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Research Report
Author:
Nebojsa
Nakicenovic
Arnulf
Grubler
Julia
Leininger
Caroline
Zimm
Geoff
Clarke
Kristie
Ebi
Dirk
Messner
Johan
Rockstrom
Sander
van der Leeuw
Charlie
Wilson
Jeffrey
Sachs
Ana Paula
Aguiar
Alaa Al
Khourdajie
Doug
Arent
Tateo
Arimoto
Avit K.
Bhowmik
Benigna
Boza-Kiss
Anita
Breuer
Henrik
Carlsen
Franklin
Carrero-Martínez
Katerina
Ciampi Stancova
Ilan
Chabay
Chia-Wei
Chao
William E.
Colglazier
David
Collste
Luis
Comolli
Kuei-Tien
Chou
Paulo
Gadelha
Luiz Augusto
Galvao
Banning
Garret
Ariel
Hernandez
Michiko
Iizuka
Naoto
Kanehira
Elmar
Kriegler
JoAnne
Linnerooth-Bayer
Hermann
Lotze-Campen
Monika
Matusiak
Peter
Messerli
Jerry
Miller
Joel
Millward-Hopkins
Raya
Muttarak
Roy
Ngerng
Michael
Obersteiner
Yannick
Oswald
Kazuhito
Oyamada
Shonali
Pachauri
Romulo
Paes de Sousa
Alesandro
Rainoldi
Narasimha
Rao
Keywan
Riahi
Alexander
Roehrl
Yamina
Saheb
Joern
Schmidt
Guido
Schmidt-Traub
Rodrigo
Guerino Stabeli
Julia
Steinberger
Uno
Svedin
Izumi
Suzuki
Klaus
Tilmes
Farooq
Ullah
Detlef
van Vuuren
Martin
Visbeck
Christopher
Wingens
Hirotaka
Yamada

This report, which focuses on innovation, is the third by The World in 2050 (TWI2050) initiative that was established by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) and other partners to provide scientific foundations for the UN’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. In 2018, the first report by TWI2050 on Transformations...

Research Report
Author:
Adcharaporn
Pagdee
Canesio D
Predo
Cossey K.
Yosi
Stewart
Serawe
Mark
Mameek Winai
Isao
Endo

Although it is widely acknowledged that forests provide critical ecosystem services for human survival and well-being, in the Asia-Pacific region forests are being converted to other land uses and degraded at alarming rates. One underlying factor for this destruction of forests is market failure. Forests are cleared for other land uses or degraded...

Research Report
Author:
Nebojsa
Nakicenovic
Dirk
Messner
Caroline
Zimm
Geoff
Clarke
Johan
Rockström
Ana Paula
Aguiar
Benigna
Boza-Kiss
Lorenza
Campagnolo
Ilan
Chabay
David
Collste
Luis
Comolli
Luis
Gomez-Echeverri
Anne
Goujon
Arnulf
Grubler
Reiner
Jung
George
Kamiya
Elmar
Kriegler
Michael
Kuhn
Julia
Leininger
Charles
Martin-Shields
Beatriz
Mayor-Rodriguez
Jerry
Miller
Apollonia
Miola
Keywan
Riahi
Maria
Schewenius
Jörn
Schmidt
Kristina
Skierka
Odirilwe
Selomane
Uno
Svedin
Paul
Yillia

This report assesses all the positive potential benefits digitalization brings to sustainable development for all. It also highlights the potential negative impacts and challenges going forward, particularly for those impacted by the ‘digital divide’ that excludes primarily people left behind during the Industrial Revolution like the billion that...

Research Report
Author:
Ishiwatari, Mikio; Djalante, Riyanti; Mavrodieva, Aleksandrina; Gomez, Oscar; Wataya, Eiko; Shaw, Rajib

Climate change impacts on natural and human systems are increasing. Often affecting fragile economic, social and political systems, climate change is considered to be a serious ‘threat multiplier’. In this document, the risks on these existing systems are understood as climate fragility risks (CFRs). Considering CFRs in the development sector is...

Research Report
Author:
Michael
Lettenmeier
Viivi
Toivio

Tämä raportti ehdottaa hiilijalanjälkitavoitteita ja vaihtoehtoja sille, miten yhteiskunta voi elämäntapamuutosten kautta rajoittaa ilmaston lämpenemisen enintään 1,5 asteeseen Pariisin ilmastosopimuksen tavoitteiden mukaisesti. Sekä aihetta käsittelevä kirjallisuus että poliittinen päätöksenteko ja liike-elämä ovat toistaiseksi keskittyneet...

Research Report
Author:

The Ganges basin provides essential water for drinking, irrigation, industrial use and cooling of power generation facilities. Changes in the water availability induced by global climate change will impact on economic development as well as human life in this basin and beyond. Water competition among major consumers will become fiercer in the...

Research Report

With the adoption and entry into force of the Paris Agreement and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), eyes are turning to the efforts of sustainable cities. Taking this as an opportunity, the Kitakyushu Urban Centre, IGES, investigated and analysed the factors that enabled Kitakyushu to conduct continuous cooperation activities in diverse areas...

Research Report
APN Research Report
Author:
Sangam
Shrestha
Vishnu
Pandey
Oranuj
Lorphensri
Dian
Sisinggih
Bui Tran
Vuong
Muhammad
Basharat

Today, 54% of the world’s population live in urban areas, a proportion that is expected to increase to 66% by 2050. Major cities and municipalities in the region rely either fully or partially on groundwater. Four highly relevant Asian cities (Bangkok, Bandung, Ho Chi Minh and Lahore) were selected which bear groundwater dependency in the range of...

Research Report

The non-economic loss and damages (NELDs) caused by climate-related disasters have not been often considered in most disaster risk assessments and not been reported in most post-disaster reports and databases to the extent they deserve the attention; despite these losses could constitute major proportion of the total loss and damages (L&Ds) of any...

Research Report

While being broadly framed as 17 separate and diverse elements, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and associated targets inherently interlink with one another making up indivisible parts of sustainability from a systemic perspective. Actions or measures taken for achieving one goal may be mutually reinforcing or contradictory with achieving...