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Fact Sheet
Author:
吉岡

本ファクトシートシリーズは日本の気候変動適応政策に関してテーマ別に概要を整理し、一般向けに気候変動適応とその政策について解説する。今回のテーマである海洋と沿岸に関する気候変動適応はこれまで国際的にも国内でも十分に情報が整理されてこなかった。そこで、本稿では独自に4つの分野に分類した後、各分野における主な気候変動の影響とそれに対応する国内の政策について整理した。また、関連し合う個別の政策や指針が複数存在している状況から、どのように整合性をとり、政策を統合していくかに関して、国際的に提唱 されている方法論を3つ紹介する。

Fact Sheet
Author:
Takuya
HATTORI
Yoshifumi
MASAGO

This publication illustrates the recent development of local adaptation policies in Japan. Based on the Climate Change Adaptation Act in 2018, local governments are encouraged to develop measures for climate change at prefectural and/or municipality levels such as local adaptation policies and  local adaptation centers. This factsheet overviews...

Fact Sheet

日本政府は2015年、パリ協定が採択されたCOP21において、「美しい星への行動(ACE2.0)」を発表し、2020年までに気候変動に関する日本からの途上国支援を年間1.3兆円まで増やすことを約束した。これは国連気候変動枠組条約(UNFCCC)が目標とする、「2020年に先進国全体で年間1000億ドルの資金支援」へのコミットメントを示したものである。
昨年、目標最終年を迎えたものの、気候変動分野における日本から途上国への支援資金に関し、適応に特化した分析が十分に行われているとはいえない。そこで本稿では、UNFCCCが先進国(付属書I国)に提出を求めている隔年報告書から情報を抽出・分析し、日本から途上国へ提供されている気候変動適応分野の資金額、対象地域、対象分野等の概要とその変化を俯瞰した。...

Research Report
Author:
Nebojsa
Nakicenovic
Arnulf
Grubler
Julia
Leininger
Caroline
Zimm
Geoff
Clarke
Kristie
Ebi
Dirk
Messner
Johan
Rockstrom
Sander
van der Leeuw
Charlie
Wilson
Jeffrey
Sachs
Ana Paula
Aguiar
Alaa Al
Khourdajie
Doug
Arent
Tateo
Arimoto
Avit K.
Bhowmik
Benigna
Boza-Kiss
Anita
Breuer
Henrik
Carlsen
Franklin
Carrero-Martínez
Katerina
Ciampi Stancova
Ilan
Chabay
Chia-Wei
Chao
William E.
Colglazier
David
Collste
Luis
Comolli
Kuei-Tien
Chou
Paulo
Gadelha
Luiz Augusto
Galvao
Banning
Garret
Ariel
Hernandez
Michiko
Iizuka
Naoto
Kanehira
Elmar
Kriegler
JoAnne
Linnerooth-Bayer
Hermann
Lotze-Campen
Monika
Matusiak
Peter
Messerli
Jerry
Miller
Joel
Millward-Hopkins
Raya
Muttarak
Roy
Ngerng
Michael
Obersteiner
Yannick
Oswald
Kazuhito
Oyamada
Shonali
Pachauri
Romulo
Paes de Sousa
Alesandro
Rainoldi
Narasimha
Rao
Keywan
Riahi
Alexander
Roehrl
Yamina
Saheb
Joern
Schmidt
Guido
Schmidt-Traub
Rodrigo
Guerino Stabeli
Julia
Steinberger
Uno
Svedin
Izumi
Suzuki
Klaus
Tilmes
Farooq
Ullah
Detlef
van Vuuren
Martin
Visbeck
Christopher
Wingens
Hirotaka
Yamada

This report, which focuses on innovation, is the third by The World in 2050 (TWI2050) initiative that was established by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) and other partners to provide scientific foundations for the UN’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. In 2018, the first report by TWI2050 on Transformations...

Fact Sheet
Author:
Damasa B.
Magcale-Macandog
John Vincent
Pleto
Key point Analyzed several water quality parameters (pH, electrical conductivity (EC), total dissolved solids (TDS), Chloride (Cl), and temperature) based on 35 well samples collected by local government staff in Oriental Mindoro Province of the Philippines. Cl- concentration was calculated using salinity values based on Equation: Sal (ppt) = 0...
Research Report
Author:
Adcharaporn
Pagdee
Canesio D
Predo
Cossey K.
Yosi
Stewart
Serawe
Mark
Mameek Winai
Isao
Endo

Although it is widely acknowledged that forests provide critical ecosystem services for human survival and well-being, in the Asia-Pacific region forests are being converted to other land uses and degraded at alarming rates. One underlying factor for this destruction of forests is market failure. Forests are cleared for other land uses or degraded...

Research Report
Author:
Nebojsa
Nakicenovic
Dirk
Messner
Caroline
Zimm
Geoff
Clarke
Johan
Rockström
Ana Paula
Aguiar
Benigna
Boza-Kiss
Lorenza
Campagnolo
Ilan
Chabay
David
Collste
Luis
Comolli
Luis
Gomez-Echeverri
Anne
Goujon
Arnulf
Grubler
Reiner
Jung
George
Kamiya
Elmar
Kriegler
Michael
Kuhn
Julia
Leininger
Charles
Martin-Shields
Beatriz
Mayor-Rodriguez
Jerry
Miller
Apollonia
Miola
Keywan
Riahi
Maria
Schewenius
Jörn
Schmidt
Kristina
Skierka
Odirilwe
Selomane
Uno
Svedin
Paul
Yillia

This report assesses all the positive potential benefits digitalization brings to sustainable development for all. It also highlights the potential negative impacts and challenges going forward, particularly for those impacted by the ‘digital divide’ that excludes primarily people left behind during the Industrial Revolution like the billion that...

Research Report
Author:
Michael
Lettenmeier
Viivi
Toivio

Tämä raportti ehdottaa hiilijalanjälkitavoitteita ja vaihtoehtoja sille, miten yhteiskunta voi elämäntapamuutosten kautta rajoittaa ilmaston lämpenemisen enintään 1,5 asteeseen Pariisin ilmastosopimuksen tavoitteiden mukaisesti. Sekä aihetta käsittelevä kirjallisuus että poliittinen päätöksenteko ja liike-elämä ovat toistaiseksi keskittyneet...

Research Report
Author:
Ishiwatari, Mikio; Djalante, Riyanti; Mavrodieva, Aleksandrina; Gomez, Oscar; Wataya, Eiko; Shaw, Rajib

Climate change impacts on natural and human systems are increasing. Often affecting fragile economic, social and political systems, climate change is considered to be a serious ‘threat multiplier’. In this document, the risks on these existing systems are understood as climate fragility risks (CFRs). Considering CFRs in the development sector is...