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Discussion Paper

Our lifestyles, through the impacts of our day-to-day activities such as eating, moving and commuting, heating and cooling our homes, taking work and care responsibilities, and so on, have become major threats to the sustainability of the environment. We are living beyond our ecological means and experiencing both very serious impacts on...

Discussion Paper

私達の日々の暮らしを営む行動、例えば食べる、移動する、家を暖めたり冷やしたりする、家族の世話をする、働くといった行動は、環境のサステナビリティに大きな影響を与える要素の1つである。私達は、地球や地域の環境容量を超えたものを消費し、生物多様性、生態系や気候に取り返しのつかない影響を及ぼしている。それだけではない。現在の私達の暮らしは、社会的な不平等を広げ、心と体の健康を害している。経済発展と都市化が多くの国で続くと予想されるなかで、私達の大量消費型の暮らしを、環境や社会への影響が少ない責任ある暮らしに変えていく必要がある。また同時に、多くの社会において、人々が環境、経済や社会の状況の急激な変化に見舞われ、安定と安全を欠く暮らしをしているということも事実である。私達は...

Discussion Paper

温暖化に伴う水害の激甚化を受けて、地方自治体において防災・減災対策と適応策を統合し、適応能力と感受性により構成される脆弱性を低減させることが急務である。しかし、適応能力は多様な社会経済的な要素を含むため、政策上どの構成要素が重要であるかに関する包括的な検討は限定的である。そこで、本稿は、アンケート調査を実施し、地方自治体の現在の防災対策実施状況(ハード・ソフト・転換策の合計44対策)と各対策に関する将来の適応策の必要性認識に基づいて適応能力と感受性の構成要素の重要度を評価した。結果として、重要度が高く評価された適応能力要素は、地域コミュニティの「インフラ」(防災用)、「教育」(自主避難判断力、危険認知度)、「情報」(監視警戒力、情報伝達力)、「コミュニティガバナンス」(避難誘導力)、並びに...

Discussion Paper

Japanese companies have pioneered the development of a large number of low-carbon technologies (LCTs). As a rapidly expanding economy with burgeoning energy requirements, India offers a significant potential market for Japanese LCTs. The industry sector in India accounts for a significant share of commercial energy use and hence carbon dioxide (CO2...

Discussion Paper

The objective of this paper is to provide good practices as recommended solutions to address the three common challenges that developing countries often encounter when preparing national reporting (e.g., BURs, NCs). The challenges are: 1) unclear roles and responsibilities among the related ministries; 2) a lack of human resources and experts; and...

Discussion Paper
Author:
Dwayne
Appleby
Bridget
Ringdahl
Gohar
Khojayan
Socorro
Leonardo Patindol
Denise
Conselheiro
Lylian
Rodríguez Jiménez

The COVID-19 pandemic has had various impacts on our living conditions

and lifestyles. The restrictions, lockdowns, and changes in behaviour patterns that emerge also present an opportunity to reassess both the sustainability of status quo living and the new conditions arising from the chain reaction of COVID-induced changes. In particular, the...

Discussion Paper
Author:
Dwayne
Appleby
Claude
Galette
Denise
Conselheiro
Bridget
Ringdahl
Socorro
Patindol

The Sustainable Lifestyles and Education (SLE) Programme of the One Planet Network aims to mainstream sustainable lifestyles into formal education; make sustainable lifestyles the guiding principle in every learning environment while mobilizing youth to promote sustainable lifestyles.

Building on international frameworks, the SLE Programme has...

Discussion Paper
Author:
Supanut
Chotevitayatarakorn
Paweena
Panichayapichet

Executive summary

  • Under Article 6 paragraph 2 (Article 6.2) of the Paris Agreement (PA), Parties may take cooperative approaches in the implementation and achievement of nationally determined contributions (NDCs). The draft guidance of Article 6.2 stipulates, inter alia, the reporting requirements for the participating Parties to engage in a...
Keywords:
Discussion Paper

Many decision makers are contemplating whether policies and investments made in the wake of COVID-19 are inclusive, resilient and sustainable enough to bring about a course change in development. This paper outlines the design features of framework that helps policymakers steer a more inclusive, resilient and sustainable course. What the Institute...

Discussion Paper
Author:
Diego
Silva Herran

This paper highlights the challenges for realising Japan's long-term strategy (LTS) for decarbonisation, also referred to as the mid-century strategy (MCS), and the role of scenario analysis in the formulation and strengthening of this strategy. Although the government of Japan declared on 26 October 2020 to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to...