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Policy Report

本レポートは、2021年6月に発表された生物多様性及び生態系サービスに関する政府間科学-政策プラットフォーム(IPBES)/気候変動に関する政府間パネル(IPCC)合同ワークショップ報告書「IPBES-IPCC Co-Sponsored Workshop Report on Biodiversity and Climate Change」の和訳を中心に、IGES研究員による解説や関連情報、IPBES及びIPCC関係者による鼎談等を収録したものです。ここには、生物多様性と気候変動への統合的な取り組みの重要性と論点、ならびに今後のIPBESやIPCCなどへの示唆がわかりやすく解説されています。

Peer-reviewed Article
In Land Degradation & Development
Author:
Deha
Umarhadi
Ram
Avtar
Wirastuti
Widyatmanti
Ali
Yunus
Khaled
Khedher
Gulab
Singh

Full text available at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/share/author/CJXTXC7FFCKFZBJBWH2H?targe…

 

Peatlands in tropical regions like Indonesia are undergoing irreversible subsidence due to changes in land use (e.g., deforestation) and land management practices (e.g., drainage alteration), resulting in massive amounts of soil...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Computers, Environment and Urban Systems
Author:
Ronald
Estoque
Xuecao
Li
Ram
Avtar
Damasa
Macandog

Many developing countries in Asia are experiencing rapid urban expansion in climate hazard prone areas. To support climate resilient urban planning efforts, here we present an approach for simulating future urban land-use changes and evaluating potential flood exposure at a high spatial resolution (30 m) and national scale. As a case study, we...

Discussion Paper

温暖化に伴う水害の激甚化を受けて、地方自治体において防災・減災対策と適応策を統合し、適応能力と感受性により構成される脆弱性を低減させることが急務である。しかし、適応能力は多様な社会経済的な要素を含むため、政策上どの構成要素が重要であるかに関する包括的な検討は限定的である。そこで、本稿は、アンケート調査を実施し、地方自治体の現在の防災対策実施状況(ハード・ソフト・転換策の合計44対策)と各対策に関する将来の適応策の必要性認識に基づいて適応能力と感受性の構成要素の重要度を評価した。結果として、重要度が高く評価された適応能力要素は、地域コミュニティの「インフラ」(防災用)、「教育」(自主避難判断力、危険認知度)、「情報」(監視警戒力、情報伝達力)、「コミュニティガバナンス」(避難誘導力)、並びに...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Environmental Management
Author:
Shalini
Dhyani
MRITTIKA
BASU
Rakesh
Kadaverugu
Shizuka
Hashimoto
Ram
Avtar
Priyanka
Mitra

Globally, shifting cultivation is known to be an important driver of tropical deforestation. However, we argue that it can be sustainably managed if the environmental boundary conditions, laid by the traditional customs and practices, are fully respected. We narrate an empirical study from the Zunheboto district of Nagaland, India, where we...

Book Chapter
In Aligning Climate Change and Sustainable Development Policies in Asia

The widespread adoption of low emissions technologies in rapidly developing countries is critical to resolving the climate emergency.1 However, many fast growing economies lack the energy efficient, renewable, and other advanced technologies needed to mitigate climate change. Technology transfer could help address these countries need. Yet the...

Policy Report
Author:

The Global Compact Network Japan (GCNJ) and the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) launched a report "SDGs and Business to Overcome the COVID-19 Pandemic: Actions by Companies and Organisations in Japan", showing the latest survey results on the actual status of Japanese companies' efforts regarding the SDGs.

This report, now...

Working Paper
Author:
Eri
Ikeda
Veronika
Gukova

Many developing countries consider that international support is vital for achieving their climate targets and accelerating actions, pledged in the so-called Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), under the Paris Agreement. Thus, understanding what kind of international support they need is crucial for ensuring the provision of adequate...

Policy Report

This report is the third compilation report on policies and measures with regards to marine plastics litter taken / to be taken by the participating countries, regions and organizations. This comprehensive report was produced under the responsibility of the Ministry of Ecological Transition, Government of Italy, with the support of the Ministry of...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Biological Conservation
Author:
Arief
Darmawan
Hendarto

Scholars have quantified the impact of the production and consumption of commodities, in particular agricul- tural commodities, on biodiversity loss. Certification schemes, meanwhile, have been instituted as a means to limit biodiversity loss caused by the production of some of these commodities. This paper clarifies how biodi- versity loss can be...