Results 1 - 10 of 38 (Sorted by date)
Book Chapter
In Media and Disaster Risk Reduction Advances, Challenges and Potentials
Author:
Suman
Basnet
Rajib
Shaw
Dhrupad
Chaudhury

The Himalaya and Hindu Kush Region (HKH) is one of the world's most fragile ecosystems in terms of climate change and its impacts, such as, slow- and fast-onset disasters. Traditionally, nature and human beings have co-existed in this area with indigenous and local knowledge (ILK) systems and practices being used in different ways, such as for...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Remote Sensing
Author:
Dai
Xiaoai
Penglan
Luo
Kai
Yang
Linxin
Dong
Qiang
Wang
Chao
Liu
Naiwen
Li
Heng
Lu
Lei
Ma
Zhengli
Yang
Yuanzhi
Yao

Research on the service values of urban ecosystems is a hot topic of ecological studies in the current era of rapid urbanization. To quantitatively estimate the ecosystem service value in Chengdu, China from the perspectives of natural ecology and social ecology, the technologies of remote sensing (RS) and geographic information system (GIS) are...

Book Chapter
In Sustainability Challenges in Sub-Saharan Africa I: Continental Perspectives and Insights from Western and Central Africa
Author:
Yaw
Boafo
Godfred
Jasaw
Gerald
Yiran
Rodolfo
Lam
Geetha
Mohan
Gordana
Kranjac-Berisavljevic

Droughts and floods are some of the major climatic hazards in the semi-arid areas of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Climate change affects the periodicity and severity of such hazards, and eventually the well-being of many rural communities in the region, including semi-arid Ghana. Enhancing the resilience of local communities to droughts and floods...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Geomorphology
Author:
Haireti
Alifu
Jean-Francois
Vuillaume
Yukiko
Hirabayashi

Debris cover on glacier surfaces hampers the accurate detection of debris-covered ice using traditional techniques based on image band ratios. Therefore, this study tests a new automatic classification scheme for hierarchical mapping of glacier surfaces based on machine learning classifiers including k-nearest neighbors (KNN), support vector...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Geocarto International
Author:
Ram
Avtar
Ali
Yunus
Ali
Kharrazi

Operational monitoring of vegetation and its response to climate change involves the use of vegetation indices (VIs) in relation to relevant climatic data. This study analyses the temporal variations of vegetation indices in response to climatic data (temperature and precipitation) to better understand the phenological changes in the Wa-West and...

Data or Tool
National policies to achieve the SDGs may lead to inequitable development at the sub-national levels. The research project "River basins as 'living laboratories' for achieving the SDGs across national and sub-national scales", collaborated among University of Glasgow (UK), Loughborough University (UK), Nankai University (China) and the Institute...
Peer-reviewed Article
In Remote Sensing
Author:
Stefanos
Georganos
Tais
Grippa
Moritz
Lennert
Eléonore
Wolff

To classify Very-High-Resolution (VHR) imagery, Geographic Object Based Image Analysis (GEOBIA) is the most popular method used to produce high quality Land-Use/Land-Cover maps. A crucial step in GEOBIA is the appropriate parametrization of the segmentation algorithm prior to the classification. However, little effort has been made to automatically...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Remote Sensing
Author:
Haireti
Alifu
Yukiko
Hirayabashi
Jean-Francois
Vuillaume
Akihiko
Kondoh
Minoru
Urai

The Shaksgam Valley, located on the north side of the Karakoram Mountains of western China, is situated in the transition zone between the Indian monsoon system and dry arid climate zones. Previous studies have reported abnormal behaviors of the glaciers in this region compared to the global trend of glacier retreat, so the region is of special...

Commissioned Report

途上国の森林減少・劣化に由来する温室効果ガス排出の削減等(以下「REDD+」という。)は重要な気候変動対策であり、気候変動に関する国際連合枠組条約の第21回締約国会議(COP21)で合意された「パリ協定」にもその実施と支援を奨励することが明記されたところである。

REDD+の推進には、途上国に対する資金と技術の提供が必要とされているが、公的資金には限界があることから、今後、REDD+の取組みを拡大していくには、民間セクターからの資金や技術の提供が鍵となる。しかしながら、民間セクターがREDD+に対して投資するには、排出削減クレジットが獲得できる等のインセンティブが必要(①)とされる。また、途上国がREDD+を実施するには、COP決定を踏まえつつ、各々の国情に応じた排出削減量の算定...

Commissioned Report

REDD+の効果的な実施に向けた具体的な方策を示すため、REDD+の国際的な制度の動向等について多角的に調査・分析を行い、得られた結果について体系的に整理した。1-1ではUNFCCCを中心とした国際的な議論の動向について取りまとめた。1-2では、既存のクレジット制度である京都メカニズムの共同実施に注目した。1-3では、現在進んでいるREDD+に係る資金拠出に係る取組状況として、緑の気候基金、世界銀行の森林炭素パートナーシップ基金、The REDD+ Early Movers Programについて調査した。1-4では、REDD+に関する政策的な検討や各国の緩和対策の中での位置付けとREDD+活動の実施状況を、JCMパートナー国5カ国(インドネシア、ベトナム、カンボジア、ラオス、コスタリカ...