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Working Paper
Author:
Eri
Ikeda
Veronika
Gukova

Many developing countries consider that international support is vital for achieving their climate targets and accelerating actions, pledged in the so-called Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), under the Paris Agreement. Thus, understanding what kind of international support they need is crucial for ensuring the provision of adequate...

Working Paper

Enhanced collaboration with countries with advanced technologies is essential to closing greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation gaps in developing countries’ energy consuming and producing sectors. However, traditional models of technology transfer tend to focus on the sale of expensive technologies to developing countries, often subsidised through aid or...

Working Paper

While the initial pieces of evidence indicate that COVID-19 induced economic slowdown and lockdown present short-term benefits to air quality and the environment, these also pose a double-edged challenge in the long-term. On one side, the slowing down of the economy can have an adverse impact on countries’ ongoing efforts towards climate mitigation...

Working Paper

With only ten years left to achieve the ambitious Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by all UN member States in its 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, action is more urgent than ever. Cities, which are responsible for delivering many of the targets highlighted by the SDGs are accelerating their efforts. This is recognised by the...

Working Paper

This working paper shows results of a questionnaire survey to analyse the following two questions: (1) What kind of challenges do companies need to overcome when using green bonds as a strategic means of funding green projects or activities under their business plan, so that they can issue green bond repeatedly? and (2) What policies and...

Working Paper

本ペーパーでは、グリーンファイナンスのなかで近年その市場規模が拡大しつつあるグリーンボンドに着目し、日本におけるグリーンボンド市場を更に拡大していくための政策提言を検討するため調査を行った 。グリーンボンド市場を拡大するためには、既にグリーンボンドを起債した発行体が継続的に発行すること、また、未起債の企業が新たに発行することの二種類が必要となる。本ペーパーでは、前者のグリーンボンドを過去起債した企業を対象に、グリーンボンドの発行体がグリーンボンドを戦略的な資金調達手段として位置付け継続的にグリーンボンドを発行していくためにはどのような課題があり、どのような制度的対応等が必要となるのかについて検討した。

Working Paper
Author:
Albert Altarejos
Magalang
Eligio T.
Ildefonso
Maria Delia
Cristina M. Valdez
Liz C.
Silva

This paper summarises the results of a literature review, examines the status of MSWM in the Philippines, makes some efforts to estimate the SLCP emissions in the country’s waste sector based on available data, and offers preliminary projections. The paper includes six sections. After a brief introduction in Section 1, background information on...

Working Paper

SEPLS generally require high levels of management by humans in order to maintain a sustainable production system that provides for human well-being. Thus their ecosystems are dominated by human activities, including traditional and local practices as well as modern production methods. These activities are considered means of livelihood, as they...

Working Paper

This paper tries to capture the main characteristics of financial components of Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs), in order to deepen understanding of developing countries’ financial needs. Such analysis will help developed countries and other countries consider provisions of financial support to developing countries. For this...