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Policy Report
Accumulation of plastic wastes in the marine eco-system is growing rapidly with the increase of plastic production and consumption patterns, particularly single-use plastics as well as unsustainable plastic waste management practices. Land-based sources are recognised as the main cause (up to 80% of total marine debris) of marine plastic pollution...
Policy Report
Negombo City is one of the fastest growing tourist destinations in Sri Lanka. It is the major commercial and transport centre, and main health service provider for the region. However, municipal solid waste management is a pressing concern for Negombo due to expanding urbanization, increasing income, lack of public awareness, changes in consumption...
Policy Report
Author:
Ministry of the Environment of Japan
Under the G20 Implementation Framework, the G20 members will facilitate the implementation of the G20 members’ actions in line with the G20 Action Plan on Marine Litter based on respective national policies, approaches and circumstances. The G20 members will also share and update information on relevant policies, plans, and measures taken/to be...
Policy Report
Author:
Magnus
Bengtsson
Plastic pollution is one of the biggest global threats. Plastics use and waste have been rapidly growing, in particularly emerging Asia. Southeast Asia, with its high population density, strong economic dynamism, and generally inadequate waste management systems, is a hotspot for the challenges. With this as a background, ASEAN and the EU have...
Policy Report
この報告書は、川崎市が、環境省、国連環境計画国際環境技術センター(UNEP IETC)および地球環境戦略研究機関(IGES)との緊密な協力により、開発途上国に対して、日本の中 央政府および地方自治体における経験から廃棄物処理について学んでもらうことを目的として作成した。
Policy Report
_Global Environment Outlook_ Regional assessment for Asia and the Pacific
Contributor:
Hotta contributed as a lead author for Section 2.6: Waste of the Report.
Policy Report
Editor:
OECD
This report updates the 2001 Guidance Manual for Governments on Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR), which provided a broad overview of the key issues, general considerations, and the potential benefits and costs associated with producer responsibility for managing the waste generated by their products put on the market. Since then, EPR policies...
Policy Report
Author:
Michikazu
KOJIMA
In developing Asian countries, recycling is carried out under market mechanisms. Recyclable waste is not only collected in the region, but also imported from other regions, such as Europe and North America. Concerns have been raised about issues such as occupational health and pollution associated with recycling. In particular, the safety and...
Policy Report
MRV – Measurement/Monitoring, Reporting and Verification - is commonly understood as a series of processes to quantify GHG emission and their change over time. It is a key instrument to understand the level of emissions and the impact of actions aimed at changing emission levels. For this reason, MRV became a keyword as many developed and...
Policy Report
MRV (Measurement:測定/Monitoring:モニタリング, Reporting:報告, Verification:検証)は一般に、温室効果ガスの排出量及びその変化を定量的に計る一連のプロセスである。MRVは排出の程度や排出削減を目指した取り組みの成果を把握するうえで、鍵となるツールである。多くの先進国及び開発途上国が温室効果ガス排出量や削減支援の効果測定ための手法を導入するに伴い、「MRV」は重要な用語となっている。しかし、MRVの厳密な意味の明確化、及びMRV実施例を体系的に文書化するといった作業はまだあまり行われていないというのが現状である。加えて、MRVの実施にあたっては、簡素化と厳密性の間にしばしばトレードオフが生じるという問題もある。本報告書は...