Results 1 - 10 of 14 (Sorted by date)
Working Paper
Southeast Asian Studies at the University of Freiburg (Germany), Occasional Paper Series
Author:
Lukas Maximilian
Müller
In the race for infrastructure connectivity across Asia, several states have established initiatives to provide funding for developing countries. Chief among these are the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and the Japanese Partnership for Quality Infrastructure (PQI). The most recent addition to these competing multilateral initiatives in...
Working Paper
While the initial pieces of evidence indicate that COVID-19 induced economic slowdown and lockdown present short-term benefits to air quality and the environment, these also pose a double-edged challenge in the long-term. On one side, the slowing down of the economy can have an adverse impact on countries’ ongoing efforts towards climate mitigation...
Working Paper
Although Japan and India have long considered the possibility of establishing the JCM as has been stipulated in joint statements between these two countries, an official bilateral document to start the JCM has not yet been signed. The JCM is one of the market-based mechanisms which involves Internationally Transferred Mitigation Outcomes (ITMOs)...
Working Paper
2005年に欧州でキャップ&トレード型の欧州連合域内排出量取引制度(EU ETS: European Union Emissions Trading System)が導入された。EU-ETSは世界で最も歴史の長いETS制度であり、世界の気候変動施策を先取りしたものとして、追随して行われている他の国内排出量取引制度のモデルにもなっている。EU加盟国間の大きな経済格差を含む複雑な事情と経済状況の低迷に対処する中、フェーズ1の実施からの14年間、現在に至るまで多くの課題への対処がなされてきた。しかしながら、試行錯誤的なものも含めて制度内容の変遷も大きく、非常に複雑な制度であることも否めない。 EU ETSに関しては、和文での文献、図書及びWeb上での情報は数多く存在し...
Working Paper
Parties to the Paris Agreement agreed to ensure avoidance of double counting of emissions reductions from the use of international market mechanisms. Although useful data may be available, Parties have limited experience and guidance from the UNFCCC on what data to report in the transparency framework pre-Paris Agreement. If the current reporting...
Working Paper
At the heart of the successful implementation of the Paris Agreement is whether and how effectively a ratchet-up mechanism through which Parties will increase ambition over time can work. This paper aims to examine the three elements of the ratchet-up mechanism: (1) a linkage between a five-year cycle of nationally determined contributions and long...
Working Paper
Author:
Molly
White (Greenhouse Gas Management Institute)
In the context of the transparency framework under the Paris Agreement (PA), this paper presents the status and changes in the capacity of 37 developing countries in Asia to develop national GHG inventories by using a matrix of capacity-indicators. For the latest outcome of this research paper, please refer to: Umemiya, C., White, M., Amellina, A....
Working Paper
This paper assesses the potential for improving the CO2 intensity of Japan’s electricity sector—the units of carbon dioxide emitted per units of electricity generated—by examining the potential for the feasibility of restarting nuclear power plants and increasing renewable electricity generation by 2030. The analysis shows that, utilizing these two...
Working Paper
On 17 July 2015, the Japanese government unveiled its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 26% below FY 2013 levels by FY 2030 (25.4% reduction below FY 2005 levels). The government also approved the outlook for long-term energy supply and demand, which stipulates that in 2030 the share...
Working Paper
Author:
Supat
Wangwongwatana
This report presents the existing EIA systems and implementation practices in Thailand as of December 2014 and their challenges and recommendations. Chapter 1 provides an overview of the systems of assessment (EIA and environmental and health impact assessment or EHIA) and their procedures; Chapter 2 identifies major challenges and opportunities...