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Non Peer-reviewed Article
In 木材情報

近年、木材輸入国において、違法伐採対策が法制度化され実施されている。違法伐採対策法の導入の目的は、その国における違法伐採木材製品の輸入、流通を減少させることである。法律の導入からその目的が達成されるまでには、規制対象である木材輸入事業者 が①自身の行うビジネスが法律の対象であることを認識し、②法律の要求を理解し、③法律を遵守することで、最終的に、④輸入先の変更などの行動変化を起こすというプロセス がある。そして、この目的を達成するためには、政府の法律の執行や運用が重要である。本稿では、ドイツとオーストラリアにおける、政府による違法伐採対策法の運用 状況を報告する。ドイツは、規制対象事業者の検査に重点を置き、EU諸国のうち最も積極的で厳しい法の運用を行っている。一方...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Sustainability

The recognition of the urgent need for more sustainable lifestyles dates from the late 20th century, originating in concerns about resource depletion and climate change. Research and policy measures have evolved since then, paying increasing attention to systemic change over individual behaviour. However, as individual behavioural change is...

Discussion Paper

Our lifestyles, through the impacts of our day-to-day activities such as eating, moving and commuting, heating and cooling our homes, caring, working, and so on, have become major threats to the sustainability of the environment. While continued economic growth and urbanisation in many countries are expected, it is imperative to consider how we...

Presentation
日仏ラウンドテーブル プラスチック問題解決の為に協力する科学と公共政策

2019年10月3日に、東京のアンスティチュ・フランセにおいて、プラスチック汚染問題解決の為に協力する科学と公共政策と題する公開セミナーが開催された。IGES・SCPの堀田は、パネリストとして、プラスチック問題解決に向けた政策の状況について紹介した。

Presentation
10th International Conference on Industrial Ecology
Author:

In this presentation, the characteristics of different consumer segments and their carbon footprints will be examined based on the analysis of consumer expenditure and time-use survey data. It utilises anonymised survey microdata and carbon intensity from existing EEIOA databases and focuses on in-depth analysis of the relationships between...

Presentation
10th International Conference on Industrial Ecology
Author:
Michael
Lettenmeier
Viivi
Toivio

In this study, carbon footprints of households are estimated based on a combination of physical consumption and monetary-based data. Long-term targets for carbon footprints are established based on a review of existing emission scenarios. Hotspots for lifestyle carbon footprints, in nutrition, housing, mobility, and other domains, are identified...

Presentation
Climate Change Symposium: Changing By Degrees Multidisciplinary Approaches to Climate Change
Author:

Household consumption in the United States has significant impacts on climate change through the consumption of food, mobility, housing, consumer goods, leisure, and others. Consumer lifestyles and their climate change impacts vary significantly across consumer segments due to their household characteristics, and how they spend money and time. In...

Research Report
Author:
Michael
Lettenmeier
Viivi
Toivio

Tämä raportti ehdottaa hiilijalanjälkitavoitteita ja vaihtoehtoja sille, miten yhteiskunta voi elämäntapamuutosten kautta rajoittaa ilmaston lämpenemisen enintään 1,5 asteeseen Pariisin ilmastosopimuksen tavoitteiden mukaisesti. Sekä aihetta käsittelevä kirjallisuus että poliittinen päätöksenteko ja liike-elämä ovat toistaiseksi keskittyneet...

Technical Report
Author:
Michael
Lettenmeier
Viivi
Toivio

This report demonstrates that changes in consumption patterns and dominant lifestyles are a critical and integral part of the solutions package to addressing climate change. The report fills a gap in the existing research by establishing global targets for lifestyle carbon footprints, examining current consumption patterns and their impacts on...

Presentation
The 13th Biennial International Conference on Ecobalance (Ecobalance 2018)
Author:

This poster presentation received The People's Choice Award at the 13th Biennial International Conference on Ecobalance, 9-12 Oct. 2018, Tokyo, Japan. The poster was selected among over 90 posters by the votes of the participants.

The Paris Agreement envisions a net negative carbon society by the second half of the century. Existing studies on...