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Commissioned Report
気候変動による気象災害のリスクが高まると予測されている中で、災害に備える「適応」と将来の災害ハザードを低減する「緩和」の両面を考える「気候変動×防災」の視点から現状と課題を共有し、今後の検討の進め方について議論することを目的として、「気候変動×防災」国際シンポジウム及び専門家ワークショップの開催が予定されている。本報告書は、これら会合に関する支援業務の結果をまとめたものである。
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Commissioned Report
平成30年12月に施行された「気候変動適応法」において、国際協力を推進する旨が定められている。また、平成27年12月に国連気候変動枠組条約(UNFCCC)の下で合意されたパリ協定においても、気候変動への適応分野において国際協力の重要性が掲げられている。我が国は科学的知見に基づいた適応計画の策定支援を「アジア太平洋地域における気候変動適応分野の研究、人材育成支援業務」として、平成27年度から平成29年度まで継続して実施(以下「適応支援第1フェーズ」という。)しており、途上国政府及び研究機関等との協働が可能となるよう、アジア太平洋地域の適応に関する能力向上のための人材育成、知見共有等を図ってきた。 平成31年度の事業においては、適応支援第1フェーズ及び「平成30...
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Book Chapter
In Resilient Policies in Asian Cities: Adaptation to Climate Change and Natural Disasters
Enhancing capacity for building resilient cities is a growing concern among policy makers and international communities to minimize the impacts of climate change and natural disasters. The UN Conference on Sustainable Development 2012 and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (2015–2030) called for urgent need in building resilient...
Book Chapter
Author:
Ram
Avtar
Stanley Anak
Suab
P
Yunus Ali
Prashant K
Srivastava
Manish
Ramaiah
Churchill Anak
Juan
The scope of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), also known as “drone technology,” is increasing, with various applications in the field of remote sensing and environment. UAVs not only provide high-resolution, real-time data but also have different applications for end users. They have become an essential tool for land surveyors because traditional...
Book Chapter
In Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Sustainable Cities and Communities
Urbanization plays a significant role in how the sustainable development goals (SDGs) can be achieved by countries and regions since they can deliver the benefits of SDGs to a relatively large number of people in a short period of time by concentrating efforts in relatively focused areas than the widely dispersed rural areas. With 55% of people...
Book Chapter
In Climate Change, Disaster Risks and Human Security: Asian Experience and Perspectives
Policies are the channels through which governments influence society and make course corrections for intended consequences. Institutions have the power to influence policy processes and outcomes and can determine the way governments engage with society. Policy formulation and implementation thus far have largely been based on populist assumptions...
Book Chapter
In Climate Change, Disaster Risks and Human Security: Asian Experience and Perspectives
Climate-fragility risks are on the rise globally and developmental paths taken by countries could be attributed to this rise. To understand the link between development and climate-fragility risks, this chapter presents the findings of the survey conducted by authors with the development practitioners and experts from Asia. The purpose of the...
Book Chapter
In Asia-Pacific Landscape Transformations: Solutions for Sustainability
Food production and productivity improvements have contributed to lifting millions of people out of poverty and reduced hunger and malnutrition, but are associated with patterns of land intensification that have degraded agricultural land and caused great environmental harm. Underlying drivers affecting land conversion to and from agriculture...
Book Chapter
In Global Environmental Outlook for Youth: Asia-Pacific
Author:
Aruna
Dias
Neil
Lopez
Jiyoon
Song
Yuta
Uchiyama
This Chapter highlights selected resilience and sustainability measures that can be implemented in cities and towns now to ensure that our communities, as well as future generations, will be able to deal with the difficult challenges our region faces. Sections 4.2 and 4.3 deal with building resilience of cities and towns to climate-related...
Book Chapter
In The Hindu Kush Himalaya Assessment Mountains, Climate Change, Sustainability and People
This is a precarious moment for the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH). Environmentally, socially, and economically, there is no single likely future for the HKH. Between now and 2080, the HKH may run downhill, or the region may continue doing business as usual and muddling through, or it may advance toward prosperity. Evidence-based actions to reduce...