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Technical Report
本報告書は、ライフスタイル・カーボンフットプリント(※)を軸に私たちの日常生活での消費や行動が気候変動に与える影響を推定し、パリ協定の目標達成と豊かな暮らしの両立を探るものです。 ※家計が消費する製品やサービスのライフサイクル(資源の採取、素材の加工、製品の製造、流通、使用から廃棄)において生じるGHGの排出量 IGESは、2019年2月にフィンランド・アールト大学およびD-matと共同で『1.5-Degree Lifestyles – Targets and Options for Reducing Lifestyle Carbon Footprints』を発刊し、日本、フィンランド、中国、ブラジル、インドの平均的な暮らしでの温室効果ガス(GHG)排出量や特徴...
Peer-reviewed Article
In Sustainability
Addressing the prevailing mode of high-carbon lifestyles is crucial for the transition towards a net-zero carbon society. Existing studies fail to fully investigate the underlining factors of unsustainable lifestyles beyond individual determinants nor consider the gaps between current footprints and reduction targets. This study examines latent...
Peer-reviewed Article
In 環境科学会誌
Author:
Minami
Sakamoto
Akio
Onishi
Although greenery in urban areas has many functions, such as mitigation of the urban heat island effect, and reduction of rainfall-induced surface runoff, it is difficult to secure the space required to plant trees in cities, which are crowded with buildings. Therefore, rooftop greening has attracted attention and many cities are adopting and...
Peer-reviewed Article
In Proceedings of the International Cartographic Association
Author:
Parks and other public green spaces (hereafter “urban green spaces”) provide many benefits to urban dwellers, but some residents receive few benefits due to a lack of urban green spaces nearby their home/workplace. Understanding spatial variations in urban green space accessibility is thus important for urban planning. As a case study, here we...
Presentation
10th International Conference on Industrial Ecology
Author:
Michael
Lettenmeier
Viivi
Toivio
In this study, carbon footprints of households are estimated based on a combination of physical consumption and monetary-based data. Long-term targets for carbon footprints are established based on a review of existing emission scenarios. Hotspots for lifestyle carbon footprints, in nutrition, housing, mobility, and other domains, are identified...
Presentation
10th International Conference on Industrial Ecology
Author:
In this presentation, the characteristics of different consumer segments and their carbon footprints will be examined based on the analysis of consumer expenditure and time-use survey data. It utilises anonymised survey microdata and carbon intensity from existing EEIOA databases and focuses on in-depth analysis of the relationships between...
Peer-reviewed Article
In International Journal of Building, Urban, Interior and Landscape Technology (BUILT)
The term of “Appropriate Technology (AT)”, introduced by Schumacher which refers to all kind of technologies including environmental technology, has been since developed into a global discourse on technology advancement and its impacts of implementation on human civilisation as seen from various perspectives. The technology could also relate to the...
Presentation
East Asian Sociological Association Congress
New social movements are constantly emerging that aim to implement sustainable solutions: the Return to Rural movement is a typical case that operates on the underlying premise that the current development centred consumer society should recognize the urgent need for radical shift due to the scale of catastrophic environmental degradation and socio...
Technical Report
Author:
Michael
Lettenmeier
Viivi
Toivio
This report demonstrates that changes in consumption patterns and dominant lifestyles are a critical and integral part of the solutions package to addressing climate change. The report fills a gap in the existing research by establishing global targets for lifestyle carbon footprints, examining current consumption patterns and their impacts on...
Peer-reviewed Article
In International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
Author:
M.A. Baqui
Khalily
Akio
Onishi
Microfinance institutions (MFIs) in Bangladesh provide a variety of financial services to poor households that can help them cope with natural disasters (e.g. floods) and adapt to environmental changes (e.g. increasing soil salinity). However, due to the limited geographic range in which MFI branches can provide their services, households located...