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Non Peer-reviewed Article
In 海外の森林と林業
Author:
基志
平塚

最近、地球温暖化対策において森林を含めた土地 利用分野の重要性が強調されている。2015 年の国 連気候変動枠組条約の第21 回締約国会議(COP 21)で採択されたパリ協定では、気温上昇を工業化 以前と比較して2℃ないしは1.5℃上昇までに抑えることが長期目標として合意された。これを受け、 IPCC が2018 年に公表した「1.5℃特別報告書」1)で は、目標達成のためにはすべての部門で従来にない 大規模なGHG 排出削減が必要であるが、それだけ では不十分で、森林等の吸収源を同時に活用する必 要性が示された。それに続いて2019 年に公表され た「気候変動と土地に関する特別報告書」2)を森林分野について要約すれば、現在は大きな排出源となっている天然林の減少を抑制し、2050 年までに...

Policy Brief
ACIAR Policy Brief
Author:
ACIAR

Groundwater can provide irrigation for rural communities where surface water is absent or unreliable. Technical, institutional and capacity limits have prevented rural communities from using groundwater for irrigation, and researchers have not demonstrated how to extract and use groundwater effectively for agriculture. A recent Australian-funded...

Commissioned Report
Author:
Paul
Pavelic
et al.

Owing to a high prevalence of rural poverty in Lao PDR, improving the livelihoods of smallholder farmers by increasing their productivity is a high priority for the Government. Smallholder farming relies primarily on rainfall, which is prone to shortfalls and occasional droughts during the crop planting season. Reliable irrigation supplies would...

Presentation
Towards Sustainable Groundwater in Agriculture: 2nd International Conference Linking Science and Policy
Author:
Paul
Pavelic
Corentin
Clement
Jordan
Vinckevleugel
Khammal
Vongsathiane
Seinab
Bohsung

In a poorly developed, water-rich country such as Lao PDR, most attention has historically been given to surface water development issues with limited consideration to groundwater. However, even with such relative abundance, spatial or temporal shortfalls and occasional droughts are
faced, and groundwater is being increasingly relied upon to...

Presentation
Towards Sustainable Groundwater in Agriculture: 2nd International Conference Linking Science and Policy
Author:
Anousith
Keophoxay
Hiromasa
Hamada
Paul
Pavelic

Agricultural groundwater use in the Lower Mekong is gradually gaining attention due to increasing uncertainty over water availability. Although this region is blessed with abundant rainfall and a network of rivers, climate change, commercial agriculture, and competition for
hydropower, ecosystem and urbanization are shifting demand-supply pattern...