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Peer-reviewed Article
In Remote Sensing
Author:
Sk
Mithun
Mehebub
Sehana
Subrata
Chattopadhyay
Khaled
Kheder
Ram
Avtar

The mass accumulation of population in the larger cities of India has led to accelerated and unprecedented peripheral urban expansion over the last few decades. This rapid peripheral growth is characterized by an uncontrolled, low density, fragmented and haphazard patchwork of development popularly known as urban sprawl. The Kolkata Metropolitan...

Presentation
第3回合法伐採木材等の流通及び利用に係る検討会

クリーンウッド法(合法伐採木材等の流通及び利用の促進に関する法律)の見直しのプロセスで、現状や課題等について把握するための木材関係各種業界団体等からヒアリングに招待いただき、以下を提案した。

  • 違法伐採木材を日本国内で流通させることを禁止するべき
    • 法律の「趣旨」等を、社会の要求にあわせて見直す
  • 違法伐採木材を取り締まるのではなく、事業者によるデューデリジェンス(DD)実施の徹底を目指すべき
  • 政府のリソースには限りがあるため、効率的で効果的な方法を採用することが重要
    • 取り扱う木材の違法性リスクを評価し、リスクに応じて適切なリスク軽減措置の実施(DD)を求めるべき
    • CW法の普及だけでなく、デューデリジェンスの具体的な内容・手順...
Peer-reviewed Article
In ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information
Author:
Saeid
Gharechelou
Ryutaro
Tateishi
Josaphat
Sumantyo

Soil moisture is a critical component for Earth science studies, and Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data have high potential for retrieving soil moisture using backscattering models. In this study, polarimetric SAR (PALSAR: Phased Array type L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar) data and polarimetric decompositions including span, entropy/H/alpha, and...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Environmental Research Communications
Author:
Mrittika
BASU
Shalini
Dhyani

With the increasing spread of the Covid-19 pandemic, restrictions on public life were strengthened across the world. Non-pharmaceutical interventions like stay-at-home orders, cancellations of events, work from home, etc. are the first line of defense to combat the spread of highly transmittable infections like Covid-19. But these interventions...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Journal of Rural Studies
Author:
Hiroyuki
Kubota
Sawako
Shigeto
Takahiro
Yoshida
Yoshiki
Yamagata

The global population is concentrating unprecedentedly into urban areas, raising concerns on global sustainability and human well-being. There also exists a niche trend of migration from urban to rural areas particularly in countries with post-industrial economies. This paper investigated values of migration expressed by the migrants arrived in...

Book Chapter
In Sustainability in Natural Resources Management and Land Planning

This chapter identifies significant transformations in agricultural land in terms of land use and land-use changes, analyses major drivers and trade-offs, and describes substantial policy interventions to arrest negative trends. The rapidly growing population and their needs constitute one of the significant drivers of land-use changes in the...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Environmental Management
Author:
Shalini
Dhyani
MRITTIKA
BASU
Rakesh
Kadaverugu
Shizuka
Hashimoto
Ram
Avtar
Priyanka
Mitra

Globally, shifting cultivation is known to be an important driver of tropical deforestation. However, we argue that it can be sustainably managed if the environmental boundary conditions, laid by the traditional customs and practices, are fully respected. We narrate an empirical study from the Zunheboto district of Nagaland, India, where we...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Ecosystem Services
Author:
Wanhui
Huang
Shizuka
Hashimoto
Takehito
Yoshida
Kentaro
Taki

The increased frequency of extreme rain events due to climate change has garnered attention in Japan. In 2018, the country enacted the Act of Climate Change Adaptation to formulate plans at national and local levels. The government has suggested the use of nature-based solutions (NBSs) across the country to address the increased risk of natural...

Fact Sheet
Author:
吉岡

本ファクトシートシリーズは日本の気候変動適応政策に関してテーマ別に概要を整理し、一般向けに気候変動適応とその政策について解説する。今回のテーマである海洋と沿岸に関する気候変動適応はこれまで国際的にも国内でも十分に情報が整理されてこなかった。そこで、本稿では独自に4つの分野に分類した後、各分野における主な気候変動の影響とそれに対応する国内の政策について整理した。また、関連し合う個別の政策や指針が複数存在している状況から、どのように整合性をとり、政策を統合していくかに関して、国際的に提唱 されている方法論を3つ紹介する。

Policy Report
Author:
Joseph Edward Alegado
Jose Miguel Aliño
Stephen Cheuk Fai Chow
Ma. Brida Lea Diola
Lea Gurrero
Von Hernandez
Yuichi Ishimura
Effie Kim
Doun Moon
Mitsu Okuno
Gemma Pelogio
Peixun Pey
Tiara Samson
Satyarupa Shekhar Swain
Maria Antonia Tanchuling,
Vu Duc Canh

Plastic is ubiquitous: we use it for life-saving medical devices, clothing, toys and cosmetics; we use it in agriculture and industry. But we also know the growing risk of plastic waste in the environment, landfills and the oceans. 

For example, the amount of plastic that some fulmars accumulate in their stomachs during their lives is...