Results 1 - 10 of 24 (Sorted by date)
Book Chapter
In Media and Disaster Risk Reduction Advances, Challenges and Potentials
Author:
Suman
Basnet
Rajib
Shaw
Dhrupad
Chaudhury

The Himalaya and Hindu Kush Region (HKH) is one of the world's most fragile ecosystems in terms of climate change and its impacts, such as, slow- and fast-onset disasters. Traditionally, nature and human beings have co-existed in this area with indigenous and local knowledge (ILK) systems and practices being used in different ways, such as for...

Research Report
Author:
Adcharaporn
Pagdee
Canesio D
Predo
Cossey K.
Yosi
Stewart
Serawe
Mark
Mameek Winai
Isao
Endo

Although it is widely acknowledged that forests provide critical ecosystem services for human survival and well-being, in the Asia-Pacific region forests are being converted to other land uses and degraded at alarming rates. One underlying factor for this destruction of forests is market failure. Forests are cleared for other land uses or degraded...

Research Report
APN Research Report
Author:
Sangam
Shrestha
Vishnu
Pandey
Oranuj
Lorphensri
Dian
Sisinggih
Bui Tran
Vuong
Muhammad
Basharat

Today, 54% of the world’s population live in urban areas, a proportion that is expected to increase to 66% by 2050. Major cities and municipalities in the region rely either fully or partially on groundwater. Four highly relevant Asian cities (Bangkok, Bandung, Ho Chi Minh and Lahore) were selected which bear groundwater dependency in the range of...

Commissioned Report

途上国の森林減少・劣化に由来する温室効果ガス排出の削減等(以下「REDD+」という。)は重要な気候変動対策であり、気候変動に関する国際連合枠組条約の第21回締約国会議(COP21)で合意された「パリ協定」にもその実施と支援を奨励することが明記されたところである。

REDD+の推進には、途上国に対する資金と技術の提供が必要とされているが、公的資金には限界があることから、今後、REDD+の取組みを拡大していくには、民間セクターからの資金や技術の提供が鍵となる。しかしながら、民間セクターがREDD+に対して投資するには、排出削減クレジットが獲得できる等のインセンティブが必要(①)とされる。また、途上国がREDD+を実施するには、COP決定を踏まえつつ、各々の国情に応じた排出削減量の算定...

Peer-reviewed Article
In PLoS ONE
Author:
Yuichi Kano
David Dudgeon
So Nam
Katsutoshi Watanabe
Chaiwut Grudpan
Jarungjit Grudpan
Wichan Magtoon
Prachya Musikasinthorn
Phuong Thanh Nguyen
Bounthob Praxaysonbath
Tomoyuki Sato
Koichi Shibukawa
Yukihiro Shimatani
Apinun Suvarnaraksha
Wataru Tanaka
Phanara Thach
Dac Dinh Tran
Tomomi Yamashita
Kenzo Utsugi

Both hydropower dams and global warming pose threats to freshwater fish diversity. While the extent of global warming may be reduced by a shift towards energy generation by large dams in order to reduce fossil-fuel use, such dams profoundly modify riverine habitats. Furthermore, the threats posed by dams and global warming will interact: for...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Applied Geography

This study provides a computationally-simple method to annually update existing national forest maps and model future forest change. It involves integrating national forest maps and global tree cover maps to monitor annual forest change, and then modeling future change by linear extrapolation of the historical trend.

Peer-reviewed Article
In Journal of ISSAAS

Biofuels are often presented as an environmentally friendly alternative to fossil fuels, however, empirical analysis that is widely reported in the literature shows that biofuel production can have negative environmental and social impacts. The potential for these negative impacts can be avoided through careful planning of biofuel feedstock...

Peer-reviewed Article
In ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information

A new method was developed for mapping forest, agricultural, and urban land cover using remote sensing imagery. It is designed to better detect small land cover objects (e.g. small forest or agricultural patches) and monitor their change (e.g. fine-scale deforestation) using freely-available satellite imagery.